While propounding the importance of water in Atharvaveda 1/33/1, it has been said that the growing plants etc. get their life, That essence of life is not on earth nor in heaven, But it is in space and in the cloud that circulates in space, there is sparkling holy and pure water. The clouds in which the sun is visible, In which the fire of lightning is sometimes manifested and sometimes seen in secret, That water is our purity, May give peace and health. Water is the main element of life.
The human body is made up of the five elements earth, water, fire, space and air. If any one of these five elements gets contaminated, its adverse effect falls on human life. Therefore, in order to maintain its balance in Indian culture, a provision has been made to take an oath to maintain all the parts of nature in equilibrium in the organization of every religious act. The prayer of peace in Yajurveda 36/17 -Dyau: Shantirantariksham Shanti: … Praying for peace everywhere in Indian culture, the philosophy of unity enshrined in human and natural life is clearly visible from the very beginning of human life till creation.
Nadi Sukta and Prithvi Sukta of Rigveda and Aranyani Sukta of Atharvaveda are filled with messages wishing for the protection, enrichment and enhancement of rivers, earth and vegetation respectively. Since time immemorial, the aspiration for the welfare of all animals and plants has been made in the Vedas. However, the utterance of Brahmande also proves the eternal science-confirmed concept of the interdependent relationship between Purusha and Prakriti. The presence of clean water in a clean, clean environment is an indispensable requirement for the development and growth of any social environment. Society of animals flourishes only in favorable conditions for the living beings. Therefore, the importance of environmental and water conservation in social development cannot be forgotten. In Atharvaveda it is said that smoke is produced by fire (yagya-agni).
According to Shatapatha Brahmana 5/3/5/17, clouds are formed by smoke and rain from clouds. In Rigveda 10/90/6, 1/164/51, Yajurveda 31/4 and Shrimad Bhagavad Gita 3/11/14 the meaning of Yagya is said to be the process of balancing the natural cycle. The western scientists have also accepted this fact that has stood the test of science, that the right balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere can be established by Yagya. In the Vedas and Vedangas, examples of rain by yajna are found at many places, which have been confirmed in the conference of Indian scientists held on 12 February 1976 under the aegis of the Government of India. In June 2009, Indian scientists targeted a two- to three-fold increase in yield by playing cassettes of concerted Vedic hymns in some fields in Unnao district of Uttar Pradesh.
It is noteworthy that Yasak has taken the meaning of forest in Nighantu as water and sunlight and husband as lord. It is clear from this that Indians were aware of this scientific belief from early times that only forest can protect them from excessive rain and drought. In Rigveda 10/101/11 it has been said to increase the forest area by planting vegetation. Declaration of forest area in India as aranya ie, free from battle or peace area, from ancient times, through the Vatanam Shamitaram mantra inscribed in Yajurveda 28/10, means that the vegetation can be saved from being destroyed by the threat of war. . While propounding the importance of water in Atharvaveda 1/33/1, it has been said that from which growing plants etc. get their life, that essence of life is not on earth and is not in the earth, but in space and in space. There is sparkling holy and pure water in the circulating cloud.
The clouds in which the sun is visible, in which the fire of electricity is sometimes visible and sometimes in secret, only that water can give us purity, peace and health. Water is the main element of life. Adequate light has been thrown on its importance in many contexts in the Vedas. In Rigveda 1/23/248, the importance and specificity of water has been shown in the form of Apsu Antah Amritam, Apsu Bheshajansh. That is, there is nectar in water, medicinal properties are present in water. Therefore, there is a dire need to maintain the purity and cleanliness of the water. In Atharvaveda Prithvi Sukta 12/1/30, stating the importance of water element, its purity has been considered as absolutely essential for a healthy life-
Shuddha na aapstanve ksharantu.
There is no doubt that due to the balance of water, there is the expected slackness in the land, greenery prevails on the earth, natural enthusiasm is visible in the atmosphere and the life of all the living beings remains happy and blissful. Although the amount of oxygen in the rain water is high, and the water present in the clouds is free from pollution, yet when the same water comes to the earth from the atmosphere, it becomes polluted with many types of gas or dust particles. Perfectly pure rain water mixes with impure water and becomes like that. Water gets contaminated due to unwanted foreign substances produced from natural or other sources, and due to toxicity and the presence of less than normal levels of oxygen, it becomes harmful to the living beings. Polluted water also helps in spreading infectious diseases. It is also true that nature has given a lot of water in the land, and water, the main means of life, covers about 71 percent of the earth, but most of the water of the earth is marine and alkaline, which is not drinkable due to being saline. Is. Only three percent of the available water on Earth is pure.
The whole world is dependent on this three percent water. There is also no proper use of rain water. Due to the pure and clean environment, the water obtained from rain will also be more and more useful for us. Even in the Adi Granth Vedas of the world, exhortation has been given to conserve rain water, describing it as excessive. According to Atharvaveda 1/4/2, the water evaporated from the rays of the sun becomes holy in the form of rain, which increases our karma with us and makes the yagya successful. In the Rigveda, while praising rain as a deity, it has been said that we should get the positive juice of rain, because life and various types of medicines, plants and food etc. depend on it. Due to this importance of water, Indians living on the Vedic way of life since the beginning of time, to maintain the purity of water, to remove the pollution of water, in their prayers to God to make water happy, helpful in getting the desired and welfare and happiness. Have been wishing you to be the rain of prosperity.
Offerings have been provided for drinking water, disease preventive water, water from upstream water sources, runoff water, well water, rain water holding water, sea water and water located in the air. Due to proper use of water, strength, sharpness, sight and hearing power increase in a person, because water is beneficial, it is a source of ghee or effluent, which Agni and Soma strengthen. May that water be filled with sweetness and give us satisfaction with life and wealth. Water is said to give man the power to see, hear and speak. By consuming such water, one gets satisfaction like nectar. Atharvaveda describes many forms of water, the basis of obtaining water from sources, and preserving it.
In this, water available in desert, sandy areas or regions receiving less rainfall is collected from water, water received in climatic regions is called Anupriya, water from dug wells, ponds, etc. The water received is designated as annuity. Annual water is called Divya in other mantras. Considering the Indus as a form of water conservation, it has been accepted as a synonym for rivers. In many hymns of Rigveda and Atharvaveda, praying to water for its protection, it has been said that the water which we get by rain then travels through rivers and is dug out, or flows from the sources themselves, towards the sea. May that water protect all of us creatures.