World Animal Day is an international day of action for animal rights and welfare celebrated annually on October 4. Indian wild forest and national parks are home to many beautiful species of wild animals, birds, and reptiles. More than 25% land of Indian states are covered with dense forest and provide shelter to the wildlife. Let’s look at some Wonderful Indian Animals.
ROYAL BENGAL TIGER
Being the national animal of India, no wonder this animal tops our list. It is the second largest species of the wildcat after the Siberian Tiger and in addition, it is the most numerous subspecies of tiger in the world today. These tigers are well-built and muscular as well and they have the skill and capacity to hunt and kill animals twice their size. They have strong jaws to rip out the flesh of their prey and one single, the powerful bite is enough to kill its victim. Apart from the dense forests, the best place to see Bengal Tigers is the Kanha National Park. It is one of the most famous and endangered Indian animals in the world.
One of the toughest animals in the world, Snow leopards are found at very high altitudes of around 9,800 to 15,000 feet. Among all the big cats it is found that the snow leopards are least aggressive to humans and there has not even been one reported case of snow leopards attacking humans. They can jump up to 15 meters and mainly use their tail to balance their body. These leopards can be found in the Hemis National Park, which is a high altitude reserve in Ladakh.
This elephant is the national heritage animal of India. The Indian Elephant is the largest among its subspecies but they are wild animals and do not attack any other animals unless it is provoked. They are very kind at heart, playful and enjoy and cry as well just like us humans. Their population is considered to be around 25,000 but unfortunately, it is currently decreasing year by year due to human encroachment, poaching for tusks and so on and it is currently regarded as an endangered species.
GREATER ONE-HORNED RHINOCEROS
The Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros, alias Indian Rhinoceros, are listed as one of the vulnerable species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. The animal can be found in India and Nepal, particularly in the foothills of the Himalayas. Poaching of horns is an important reason for the decline in the number of the Indian Rhinoceros. There has been a dramatic increase in the numbers of Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros since 1975, but there is a consistent threat due to an increase in hunting cases. With at least half of the total population, India’s Kaziranga National Park remains the key reserve for this species. More efforts should be undertaken for the conservation of the Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros.
The only place you can find the Asiatic lions is in the Gir forests of Gujarat, India. There is no other place in the world you can find a large population of these wild cats. These lions are much smaller when compared to the African lions and have smaller manes too.
They are a medium-sized bear and interestingly, they can survive in many habitats be it thorn scrubs, grasslands or even dense forests, they will survive wherever they can find food on a regular basis. It is estimated that around 10,000 to 25,000 sloth bears remain, dispersed in the Indian subcontinent. They have extremely large tongues, a keen sense of smell and they are excellent climbers.
Asiatic leopards are elusive and prefer to stay alone instead of groups and they can be found in the rocky terrains of India. They are more slender than the other leopards its family and have longer legs. Their main asset is stealth. They wait for their prey to come near them and then pounce on it before it can even realize what is going on. The best place to find Asiatic leopards in India is Jawai. In and around this region.
LION TAILED MACAQUE
The mountains of Western Ghats are home to a rare species, Lion Tailed Macaque. The Lion Tailed Macaque can be found in the tiny, isolated pockets of the tropical forest in the Western Ghats. With only 2,900 species in zoo and wildlife reserves, the Lion Tailed Macaque is one of the most endangered animals in the world. The silent feature of the macaque and its appearance are its outstanding characteristics. The Lion Tailed Macaque is an old world monkey and is one of the 16 macaque species.
One of the most photogenic mammal in Indian wildlife who is mostly clinging on the bamboo trees. Red Panda is a small mammal, and can be found in the forestland of India, Nepal, Bhutan and northern mountains of Myanmar. They are quite fond of dense under-stories of bamboo trees. Slightly larger than the domestic cat, the feature of the Red Panda is such as a bear like body and thick russet fur.
PHAYRE’S LEAF MONKEYS
Listed among the endangered animals in Indian wildlife Known for – Being in the company of their hood and also dominant in nature. Phayre’s Leaf Monkey is known for its monocle look. Considered to be highly endangered for a very long time in Indian wildlife, this specie is mostly found in the semi-evergreen forest and bamboo dominated areas. A little aggressive and submissive in nature, they mostly feed on immature leaf and bamboo.
How can the national bird of India not make the top list! They are predominant in the Indian subcontinent and some parts of Sri Lanka. Its gorgeous tail makes up 60% of its total body length. In spite of its big body size, the peacocks can fly. During the mating season, they unleash their breathtakingly beautiful tails. It is one of the most colorful birds in the world.
Wildlife plays an important role in balancing the ecosystem and provides stability to different natural processes of nature. The goal of wildlife conservation is to ensure that nature will be around for future generations to enjoy and also to recognize the importance of wildlife. Spread awareness about animal conservation.
Speak for the ones without a voice.