The motive behind the development of this view of Chaumasse may have been the delay in reaching a certain point during the journey during the rainy season. In ancient times, there were no means of travel like today. Since it is necessary to stay at one place during the fast of Chaumasa., Therefore, this idea of staying at one place on Chaumasse must have come in the mind of the sages. Some specific rules have been given for these four months in the scriptures and Puranas.
According to mythological belief, the period of four months from Ashadh Shukla Ekadashi to Kartik Shukla Ekadashi is considered as Harishyan period. The combined name of these four months of rain is given as Chaturmas. All the festivals, fasting, fasting, sadhna, worship, chanting and tapas performed during these four months are called Chaturmasya in a word. Chaturmasya gives an understanding of the time period of four months and Chaturmasya gives an overall understanding of all the fasts and festivals observed during this time. This Chaumasa has been specially described in various Puranas. In the Bhagwat, the penance of these four months has been called a Yagya. Giving a detailed description about this fast in Varaha Purana, it has been said that this fast can be started from Dwadashi (Baras) or Ashadhi Purnima instead of Ashadh Shukla Ekadashi and it ends on Kartik Purnima to complete four months. It can be done till Shukla Dwadashi or Kartik Purnima.
Describing in detail in the Puranas about Devshayani or Harishayani Ekadashi, it has been said that from this day onwards Lord Shri Vishnu resides in Hades for a period of four months. After this, after a gap of four months, when the Sun enters the Libra zodiac, the sleep of Lord Vishnu ends and this day is the day of Devotthani Ekadashi. During these four months Lord Shri Vishnu sleeps on the infinite bed of Kshir Sagar. That is why no religious work is done during these months.
The motive behind the development of this view of Chaumasse may have been the delay in reaching a certain point during the journey during the rainy season. In ancient times, there were no means of travel like today. Since it is necessary to stay at one place during the fast of Chaumasa, therefore this idea of staying at one place on Chaumasa must have come in the mind of the sages. Some specific rules have been given for these four months in the scriptures and Puranas. In this, for four months, according to your interest and desire, you have to give up the things of daily behavior. Many people give up their favorite food in these months.
Since this is a Vishnu Vrat, it is recommended to chant Om Namo Narayanaya while sleeping and waking up for four months. According to the Puranas, Lord Vishnu goes to sleep in Kshirsagar for four months. Being the lord of all the three worlds, the sleep of God is considered to be the sleep period of the whole world. During these four months, marriage-marriage, Upanayana rites and other auspicious activities are prohibited. After a period of four months, the Lord wakes up on Devotthan Ekadashi.
According to mythological belief, Lord Vishnu resides at the gate of King Bali in Hades for four months from the day of Ashada Shukla Ekadashi and returns on Kartik Shukla Ekadashi. For this purpose, this day is called Devshayani and Kartik Shukla Ekadashi is called Prabodhini Ekadashi. The period from Ashadh Shukla Ekadashi to Dev Diwali or Kartik Ekadashi is called Chaturmas. It is believed that due to the sleep of the deities during these four months, marriage and rituals etc. should not be auspicious. It is such a belief of the people that during these four months all the pilgrimages of the earth come and reside in Braj, so in Chaturmas one gets the virtue of visiting all the pilgrimages only by visiting Braj. There is a tradition of fasting on this day and praying to Shri Mahavishnu for the fulfillment of any resolution for the next four months. On the day of Ekadashi, the house is cleaned early in the morning. After taking a bath, holy water is sprinkled in the house. One thousand or one hundred and eight Tulsi leaves are offered to Lord Vishnu at the time of worship by establishing the idol of Shri Hari Vishnu at the place of worship or any holy place in the house.
After that, after listening to the fast story, aarti and prasad are distributed. There must have been some practical purpose behind the sleeping of Lord Vishnu. We always fall asleep when we are tired of working, want to rest, in the same way God must be tired in running the affairs of the world, so he must have felt the need to rest in Chaturmas. At the same time, God himself wants to give time to man for introspection by sleeping. In trouble, a man remembers God, the crowd of those who ask him gathers near God. But those who ask for absolutes are rarely seen. Perhaps Shiva would have slept in Kailasa and Vishnu in Kshirsagar to avoid such unreasonable demands.
It is noteworthy that the four months of Chaturmas are called rainy season. The beauty of the creation flourishes, the farmer gets a bountiful harvest and the atmosphere of joy is visible all around. Man goes to the temples and praises the Lord, understands the fruit of God’s grace. But the Lord says – I had slept for four months. All this splendor and prosperity is the result of your hard work. It is worth mentioning that the most unique time of the Indian calendar is Chaumasa and 70-90 percent of the total amount of water that rains here during the year, falls in the four months itself. Due to which most of the farmers in the country till the land and grow the crop, in it, the work of the whole year is done only from the yield of four.
Not only of the farmers, but of the artisans and traders and also of the kings, states who follow the tax collected from them. The future of our entire society, the entire country rests on this water that rains in the four months. Today’s people, new planners have not understood this relation of land and cloud, but it is also worth remembering that without understanding this relationship our future, our land, our sky will not be safe and when the disasters will rain, today’s new The colorful umbrellas of the economy will not save us. According to the Bhagavata Purana, Lord Vishnu, following the promise given to King Bali, goes to his door in Sutla for four months. Then all the other gods follow Hari and spend the chaturmas sleeping. After Diwali, the alarm of the deities will sound on the Ekadashi of Shukla Paksha in Kartik. To Devuthani Gyaras. Till then there will be no family functions and celebrations. There are only two major religious festivals of Chaturmas: Raksha Bandhan and Krishna Janmashtami. Compared to the rest of the festivals, both are smaller in celebration and are celebrated indoors. It is a different matter that the nature of these two has changed a lot in the last few years.
In this way, in our tradition of festivals and festivals, this Chaumasa seems a bit deserted. In fact, if God’s sleep is due to His faith in us, then that is a very good thing. God must have slept to guide us, so there is fragrance in that too. But on this day one should make such determination that God’s sleep is not due to fatigue, exertion, boredom, sadness, dullness or loneliness. Therefore our life should be fast. Perhaps that is why most of the fasts come in the rainy season. For their healthy sleep, we should live such a fasted life that they can sleep peacefully on our trust, keeping this desire will be the meaningful purpose of this Ashadhi Ekadashi and Chaturmashya fast.