In India this year the summer started in March itself. The months of Falgun and Chaitra are mild cold and change in weather. But this year it started getting hot even before Holi. The pleasant season of spring did not come after winter. The heat came straight. The temperature reached 45 degree Celsius in at least 20 cities of 18 states of the country including the capital Delhi. Apart from the plains of North, West and Central India, the mountains also experienced severe heat in April this year and the temperature remained four-five degrees above normal. The hill state like Himachal Pradesh has witnessed heatwave for 21 days so far this year and four days in Uttarakhand. The Indian Meteorological Department has set a limit of 45 degrees in plains, 37 degrees in coastal areas and 30 degrees in mountainous areas to declare heatwave. This means that for 21 days in Himachal Pradesh and four days in Uttarakhand, the temperature was at least above 30 degrees Celsius. Heatwave prevailed in Jammu and Kashmir for 16 days.
On one hand it is the situation that the whole country has started summer one and a half months before the scheduled time and on the other hand it is the study that the glaciers in India are not melting and the rivers are not in danger of drying up. A recent study by the Cato Institute refutes the IPCC’s conclusion that the Himalayan glaciers will melt by 2035. The International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in its report in 2007 had predicted the disappearance of all glaciers in the Himalayas by 2035. But now Swaminathan Ankleshwar Iyer and Vijay K Raina, Research Fellow of Cato Institute, have told in their latest report that since the end of the Ice Age, that is, for some 11 and a half thousand years, glaciers are melting, but there is no possibility of their extinction in the near future. Is. It is likely to last for at least three thousand years. The difference between the results of the IPCC and the Cato Institute is evidence that the study of climate change is incomplete and superficial and that no one has any idea of the reality.
Reality is what is seen. Change of weather patterns is visible and common people are feeling it. The whole world is witness to the terrible cold in winter, the rain in the rainy season and the rain of fire from the sky in the summer. Only then it does not matter what the study of an institute tells about the melting of glaciers. The reality is that in the month of April, in many mountainous areas of India, forests are on fire. Heatwave is going on in the mountainous areas and the heat in the north, west and central India of the country has broken the record of 122 years in the month of April. A large part of the country has experienced such heat in April as it did not in 122 years. In the month of April, the heat wave was experienced for the first time in many areas. The question is why is this happening? Is this a sudden change in the weather or is it the result of a long-standing change?
Meteorologists are giving two-three immediate reasons for the increased heat in the country in March-April. One reason is being told that due to the absence of Western Disturbance, there was no rain during the month of Falgun-Chaitra and due to that heatwave conditions were created. This thing is quite logical because rain in India is usually due to Western Disturbance i.e. Western Disturbance. But the question is why this year the condition of western disturbance did not happen? According to another study, there is a north-south pressure pattern associated with La Nia in the eastern and central Pacific Ocean, which ends with the end of winter. But this time it lasted longer and produced heatwaves from warm waves coming from the Arctic region. Keep in mind that in the Pacific Ocean itself, when the sea surface becomes colder than average, then cold wave prevails in many countries including India.
This means that climate conditions thousands of kilometers away are responsible for the same or more than the domestic conditions responsible for coldwaves or heatwaves in India. Climate change in the Pacific Ocean and the Arctic also directly affects India. Because of that, there is extreme cold or heat and this is happening because the climate has changed very rapidly due to human activities in the last 70 years. The earth is getting warmer continuously. In the first 22 years of the 20th century and the 21st century, the earth has warmed by 1.09 degrees. The main reason for this is the emission of greenhouse gases. In the last two-three decades, there have been many studies regarding this, whose common conclusion is that due to increasing emissions of greenhouse gases, the surface temperature of the earth is increasing and the climate is warming. The IPCC has said in its report that as the temperature of the Earth’s surface increases, so will the extreme rain, extreme cold and extreme heat. That means the weather will not be normal. There will be extremes in every season. Can you imagine what effect this will have on a person’s life?
Right now there is extreme heat in the country, so there is a state of panic in every part. The demand for electricity has increased so much that the power plants of the country are failing to meet it. There is a shortage of coal in most thermal power plants. The effect of heavy heat has been that in many states, there has been a loss of up to 50 percent to the Rabi crop. Similarly, when there is excess of rain, there will be floods, crops will be destroyed, mountains will break and the lives of lakhs of people will be affected. Excess of winter will have the same effect.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi during his Europe visit has said that India’s contribution to climate change is very small. There is no doubt that India is not a country with industrial density nor is it a very rich country, where greenhouse gas emissions are very high. Therefore, India’s contribution to climate change is very small. But India is becoming a victim of climate change as much as other developed or rich countries are becoming! So, India and other developing countries need to think more seriously on this issue because those who are causing climate change are capable of finding a way to their rescue, but their efforts will cost India and other developing or poor people. Countries will have to pay. Only then India should take the initiative in this matter and along with other countries, the countries responsible for excessive emissions of greenhouse gases should be forced to reform.