Spiritual

Vallabhacharya, the founder of Pushti Marga

In the opinion of Vallabhacharya, confirmation of the grace of Lord Krishna and the devotion arising out of this special grace is called Pushti-Bhakti. There are three types of living beings – confirmation organisms, Limit creatures and flow creatures. Dependent on the grace of the Lord, the confirmed souls who become entitled to enter the Nityalila, By following the Vedokta methods, the limitless souls who attain different worlds and being immersed in the world’s prapancha are the flow creatures who are constantly trying to attain worldly pleasures.

26 april, Shri Vallabhacharya Jayanti, Sri Vallabhacharyaji (Vikram Samvat 1535-1588), the foundation stone of the Krishna Bhakti branch of Bhaktikalin Sagundhara and the founder of Pushtimarg, appeared in Vikram Samvat 1535. Lakshmana Bhatta was born to Dixit and Ilammagaru couple. Vallabhacharya’s ancestors were residents of a place named Kankarvad near Godavari in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India, and a Brahmin by caste and their gotra was Bharadwaj. It is said that Vallabhacharya was born in Champaranya near Raipur city of Chhattisgarh when his parents and relatives were going towards South India due to the fear of Muslim invasion. His father Shri Laxman Bhatt Dixit was a very scholarly scholar and a person of religious inclination. And mother Illamgaru was the daughter of Rajpurohit Sharma of Vijay Nagar. After marriage, two daughters and a son named Saraswati and Subhadra were born to Lakshman Bhatt. Vallabhacharya spent most of his time in Kashi, Prayag and Vrindavan. He was educated in Kashi itself, and there he also preached his faith. Vallabhacharya’s father Laxman Bhatt had initiated Gopal Mantra to Vallabhacharya in his childhood. Vallabhacharya was a master of sharp and sharp intellect from a young age, and in his childhood he had acquired proficiency in Purana, Darshan, Vedanga, Kavyadi. Along with Hinduism, he had sufficient knowledge of other religious sects like Vaishnav, Jain, Buddhist etc. On the strength of his knowledge, he had made his place among the famous people of Banaras.

Later, he was duly given the initiation of Ashtadashaksharagopalamantra by Vilvamangalacharya of Rudra sect and the initiation of Tridanda Sannyasa by Swami Narayanendratirtha. He was married to Pandit Shridevbhattji’s daughter- Mahalakshmi and in due course he had two sons- Shri Gopinath and Shri Vitthalnath. In chronology, Lord Vallabhacharya reached Gokul in Braj and established his throne on the Govardhan mountain located in Brajkshetra and built a grand temple of Shrinath ji in Samvat 1576 with the help of disciple Puranmal Khatri, where the melodious pastimes of Shri Radha Krishna were performed under the song of Leela with the special service method. The devotees used to be happy by paying attention to the tone of the verses created by Vallabhacharya. Vallabhacharya has been said to be Vaishvanravataar i.e. the incarnation of Agni. Presently, the sect founded by them is known as Vallabh sampradaya or Pushtimarg sampradaya. And the Vallabhsampradaya comes under the Vaishnava sect. It is believed that Vallabhacharya had eighty-four disciples, of whom Surdas, Krishnadas, Kumbhanadas and Parmananda Das were prominent.

It is noteworthy that in the era of Saguna and Nirguna Bhakti stream, Vallabhacharya established and nurtured Pushtimarg by following and upgrading the philosophy of Vishnu Swami, the originator of Rudra sect, forming his own philosophy of purity and duality. Vallabhacharya has given preference to word proof, considering conjecture to be inappropriate in the solution of philosophical problems. In fact, Vallabhacharya was a Vedic believer, and his beliefs are Vedic, the root of his belief is the Vedas, just he has called Brahman as Shri Krishna. According to him, only three elements are the main and acceptable – Brahma, the universe and the soul i.e. Paramatma, Prakriti and Atman. Three forms of Brahma are described – Adhidaivik, Spiritual and Antaryami form. Like the Vedas, by keeping these three elements – God, Jagat and Jiva – at the center, he revealed the types of world and the living entity and their interrelationship. According to him also Brahman is the only truth which is omnipresent and innermost. Being a devotee of Shri Krishna, he has described his glory by considering Shri Krishna as Brahman. Accepting the Supreme Lord Krishna with infinite transcendental qualities, his sweet form and pastimes have been considered as the source of manifestation of bliss in the soul. The world is the luxury of Brahma’s Leela. The entire creation is the creation of Brahma for the purpose of Leela. In Vallabhacharya’s Advaita, rejecting the relation of Maya, the equality of the three pure elements has been propounded by describing Brahman as the cause and the living world as its action. This is the reason why his view is called purity dualism.

In the opinion of Vallabhacharya, confirmation of the grace of Lord Krishna and the devotion arising out of this special grace is called Pushti-Bhakti. There are three types of living beings – Pushti Jiva, Maryada Jiva and Prava Jiva. Depending on the grace of the Lord, the confirmed souls who become entitled to enter Nityalila, following the Vedokta methods, attaining different worlds, and being immersed in the world’s prapancha, those who are constantly trying to attain worldly pleasures. There are creatures. Lord Krishna regularly performs sports for the devotees in the vast Vaikuntha situated above the Vaikuntha world of Vishnu. A part of this vast Vaikuntha is considered to be Goloka. In this Goloka Yamuna, Vrindavan, Nikunj and the Gopis are all constantly present. The best movement of the living being is the entry into the eternal pastimes of the Lord there through the service of the Lord. Vallabhacharya’s philosophical theory is the Purityadvaita doctrine that contradicts Shankara’s Maya doctrine. While representing Maya as the power of Brahma, he also proved that Brahma is not dependent on him. For them, Shri Krishna is the Supreme Brahman, who is the form of ecstasy – the giver of supreme bliss. According to him, Brahma is that distorted form of Shri Krishna, who remains in every situation. He is pure Advaita. By Raman’s desire, he assumes the form of a male, where the main intention is the happiness and well-being of life. Thus the devotional thinking of Vallabhacharya establishes a close relationship between the living entities. Where Brahma’s pastimes are pure even though they are transmitted in the land, and the soul attains bliss by becoming attached to it.

Vallabhacharya has composed many commentaries, texts, nomenclatures, and stotras. The importance of the Subodhini commentary on the Bhagavatam by Vallabhacharya in the context of purity is very important. He has written Anubhashya and Greater Brahmasutra commentary on Brahmasutra, Subodhini commentary on Shrimad Bhagwat and Tatvarthadeep essay, as well as Purva Mimamsa commentary, Gayatri commentary, Patravalavanan, Purushottam Sahasranama, Dashamskandha index, Trivida name, education shloka, service, service, service, and Bhagvat Deshpeeth. Contains fruit description, Premamrit etc. He has also composed the Shodash Granthas and the Ashtak Granthas. Yamunaashtak, Bal Bodh, Siddhant Muktavali, Confirmation flow, Maryada Bheda, Siddhanta, Navratna, Antarkaran Prabodh, Vivekdhaiyashriya, Krishnasraya, Chatushloki, Bhaktivardhini, Jalbheda, Panchapadya, Sansas decision, detention symptoms are the main ones in the Shodash texts composed by Vallabhacharya. Among the various Ashtak texts are Madhurashtak, Parivrishtak, Nandakumar Ashtak, Shri Krishnashtak, Gopijanballabhashtak etc. The clear effect of these octaves of Vallabhacharya is visible even today in the form of eight-print poetry in Krishna devotion.

It is noteworthy that Vitthalnath, the son of Vallabhacharya, the founder of Vishishtadvaita Vadi Pushtimarg, later conceived the Ashtachhap poets, who were called Krishna Sakha. Of these, four are disciples of Vallabhacharya and the remaining four are disciples of Vitthalnath. In this, the disciples of Vallabhacharya are Surdas, Kumbhanadas, Parmanandadas and Krishnadas, while the disciples of Vitthalanatha – Nanddas, Govindaswami, Chhitaswami and Chaturbhajadas are also included. Ashtachap poets have a special place in the Vallabh sect. It is believed that on the prestige of Shrinath in Govardhan, this devotional poet used to engage in Ashtachap service in all the rituals, from invocation makeup to evening aarti and sleeping. Surdas is paramount among the poets of Ashtachap. It was Vallabhacharya who suggested Surdas to sing a new verse in the aarti to be held in the temple of Shrinathji. Thousands of posts of Surdas have been included in Sursagar. Vallabhacharya took water samadhi at the age of 52 by entering the Ganges at Hanumanghat in Kashi in Vikram Samvat 1588 AD 1530, but he is still revered, and his followers still celebrate his birth anniversary with devotion on the day of Baisakh Krishna Ekadashi. . In his honour, the Government of India issued a postage stamp worth Re 1 in 1977.

Back to top button