Artificial Sun Time: The Korean government is working on developing technology to make Korea’s first artificial sun ‘KSTAR’. The government will maintain a temperature of 100 million degrees for up to 300 seconds in 2026. 300 seconds is the minimum time required for commercialization of nuclear fusion technology. The Ministry of Science and ICT announced on 30 December 2021 that it convened the 16th National Fuse Committee at the Korea Institute of Fusion Energy and finalized the ‘4th Basic Plan of Nuclear Fusion Energy Development (2022-2026)’. The Ministry of Science sets targets and directions of its policies for nuclear fusion energy development every 5 years.
As per the plan, it will continue to improve the operating technology in the field of KSTAR experiments, which are showing good results such as in 2021 it was able to maintain 100 million degree temperature for 30 seconds. He is now engaged in making such technology by 2026 which can maintain the temperature up to 300 degrees.
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Nuclear fusion is the basic principle that artificial sunlight produces light and heat. The government is targeting to produce electricity like electricity by artificially applying this principle on Earth with KSTAR. The Korean research team first successfully maintained KSTAR at 100 million degrees for 1.5 seconds in 2018. It also managed to maintain 100 million degrees for 20 seconds last year and 30 seconds this year. After last year, Korea has set the longest record in the world this year.
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The government also laid out the basic concepts of demonstration for future nuclear fusion power generation, and laid out plans to establish a ‘long-term R&D roadmap’, including the required networks, by 2030. It also selected the ‘eight core technologies’ needed to demonstrate future nuclear fusion power generation, such as high-temperature, long-lived, and high-density core plasma technology and tritium to enhance and produce electricity. Blanket Technology.
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