Spiritual

The first lesson of education in Yajurveda is the sacrificial work

The origin of education is in Yajurveda. education means, To educate man about how one should live in this world? Knowledge-acquisition is necessary for man, not other animals, Because there are all kinds of creatures on earth, The only human being is the one who is the authority of his own actions. The other yonis are called yama-yonis, That is, the actions of those yonis are not subject to themselves.

By which human beings can always be happy by attaining good qualities like education and leaving behind the defects of ignorance, that is called education. One of the six philosophies of the Vedas is Purva-mimamsa. According to Panini, Mimamsa means curiosity. Curiosity means longing to know. Therefore, Purva-mimamsa means the first curiosity to know. It has sixteen chapters. When man became in this world, his first curiosity was that what should he do? Therefore the first sutra of this philosophy symbolizes this desire of man. While opening the granth, Maharishi Jaimini says –

i.e. religious curiosity.

– pre-metaphysics 1/1/1

That is, now there is a curiosity to know about Dharma (karyakarma). To answer this query, this complete book containing sixteen chapters has been composed. Dharma is explained in the Yajurveda, and karma is a word with a wide meaning. According to this sixteen chapters and sixty-four footed text, in the Vedic tradition, Yagya does not only mean God-sacrifice, but it includes all kinds of human activities. When the carpenter makes a chair or table to sit from the wood of the tree, then he performs the Yagya. The carpenter has done the welfare of mankind by giving the trunk of the tree which is basically of no useful use except fuel. Therefore, the work of that carpenter is in the form of sacrifice. Similarly, qualified scientists and skilled craftsmen make a beautiful cloth cine machine with cast iron. Human welfare has been done by this work, that is why it is a form of sacrifice.

The origin of education is in Yajurveda. The purpose of education is to make man aware of how one should live in this world. Acquisition of knowledge is necessary for human beings, not other living beings, because of all the creatures and species on earth, only human being is the one who is the authority of his own actions. Other yonis are called yama-yonis, that is, the actions of those yonis are not subject to themselves. If we feel hungry, we eat food, when we feel thirsty we drink water. If you do not get anything to eat or drink even when you are hungry and thirsty, then you are compelled to watch your face, you cannot do anything. Because only man is free to act. The first hymn of Yajurveda expresses in a miraculous way about education-

Ishe tvorje tva vayva stopayava stha devo vah savita prapayatu shreshtamamay karmane. Apyayadhvam adhnya indraya bhagam prajavati anamiva ayakshmah maa v stan ishat maghashamsah.

– Yajurveda, Taittiriya Samhita, Kand 1-4 1.1 Prapathak 1 1.1.1 Anuvak 1

The deity (subject) of this mantra is Savita (Sun). The mantra is as follows-

(Tva urjje tva ishevayavah stha) The energy given by you and the food given by you prover of actions. (Vah) us (devah savita prapayattu) Savita deity make the combination (creation). (Shresttamaya Karman) To perform the best deeds. (Apyayadhvam Adhnayah) May the one who is studied, attain progress. (Indray Bhagam Prajavatih Anamivaah Ayakshma) May the people get their share of power, they should be healthy and free from fever.

(Ma Vah Stein: Ma Ishat) There should not be thieves and dacoits and sinners in this. (Sah Dhruva Asmin Gopatau Syat Vahavi: Yajamanasya Pashun Pahi) May she (Savita) be the steadfast protector in all of us and protect the animals of the household.

One meaning is that God has given two substances from the sun to this earth – one energy and the other food. Food is also enriched by the energy coming from the sun. There are two main elements in food – carbohydrate (starch etc.) and protein. Both these substances are made in plants and trees by the sun rays. If there is no sunlight on trees and plants, then they cannot be formed. The life of all beings in the world depends on these two substances.

It has been said in this mantra that we and our studied animals (pets) should be protected by God Savita with food and energy. Along with this, it has been said that with the energy that comes in us, we should do religious work, which increases our fame and fame. The first lesson of Karma in education is that the power to perform action is received by the Sun from the Supreme Soul, we should make good use of it. Only the sun is the source of electricity, fire and other power on earth. In coal and oil also energy is stored from the sun. The question arises that where is the accumulation place of the Sun’s power? It is said that the atoms of hydrogen on the Sun are combined to form circles of helium and power is released from them. Their jointness is also done by someone’s doing. Who is he? It is said in the Vedic texts that it is the glory of God, through which all this is happening. In this way, the explanation of karma has been started by stating that the source of all actions is power and the source of power is the sun, that is, the Supreme Soul.

The next three mantras of this Yajurveda are related to Vasu. Vasu means sacrifice in common language. While explaining Yagya, it has been said that all that work which benefits only human beings is called Yagya. In this Yagya Karma, all the works ranging from the creation-creation work of God to the continual earning of human beings come. The two conditions are that all actions should be in the public interest and no one should be harmed by them. Creation is done by action, in common language it is called effort, that is, work. It is said in Yajurveda that the work by which useful substances are made from natural substances, that work is Yagya. For example, someone produces food by ploughing and putting seeds in the ground, he performs a yajna. Similarly, if someone takes cast iron and makes iron guards, bars, etc., then he performs Yagya. If someone makes other lime-cement-bricks etc., then that too is a sacrificial act.

Thus it is clear that even the smallest work, that is, from the work of cobbler and bhangi to the one who makes beautiful ornaments or clothes, is a yagya. There is only one bond in this, that is, there should be a feeling of public welfare in doing the work. Only then is that sacrifice, otherwise it is selfishness. Many people call the act of selfishness asura-yajna. By the way, in the scriptures, only that action is called Yagya so that the benefit of more and more people can be proved. While doing such kind of work, when a person takes remuneration from it according to his labor, then only then his work comes under the characteristics of sacrifice.

It is said in Yajurveda 1-5 –

Agne vratapate vratam charishyami tach chhakeyam tan me radhyatam.

Idamhamnrittat Satyamupaimi.

– Yajurveda 1-5

Meaning- (Agne) O God in the form of power. (Vratapate Vratam Charishyami) You are the lord of fasts. I am also fasting. (Tat Shakeyam Tat Mein Radhyatam) May I have the power to observe that fast. (I may fulfill it).

The meaning of the mantra is that when a person is involved in this world-struggle, then he should pray to the Supreme Soul that he has now started entering this householder’s life. If he can follow it successfully, observe such a fast. Oh God, I can observe the fast of life in this world and the one who observes this fast can follow the truth by leaving the anrit. This statement of the Vedas is for those young couples who have just started entering household life after marriage.

Back to top button