There are only two worshipable in Shradh Karma – Pitru and Dev. Proficient in the act of speech, Always inclined to teach and to preach, that is, to do good to the world by preaching and spreading knowledge through the deeds of teaching and preaching, are called deities. speech, Voice, Saraswati, In view of the monotonous words of knowledge etc., it is theoretically correct to consider learned people as gods.
According to Vedic belief, to honor the living conscious ancestors i.e. the living wise men with food etc., is to perform Shradh. In the Vedic doctrine, the place of living conscious ancestors, knowledgeable sattva-gunned men, which is the name of the world, is the same Pitruloka. The region or the country in which the preeminent minded wise people reside in mental action, that is Pitriloka or the name of the community union of those ancestors is Pitruloka. In the Puranic texts, for whom it is written in the scriptures to go to Pitruloka after death, after leaving the male body, they take birth in the community or region of the ancestors, that is, in the homes of the ancestors. In Manusmriti, these five fathers are considered to be the producer, the provider of sacrifices, the giver of knowledge, the giver of food and the saver from fear. Thus the word Pitru is yoga rooted, and so is the root of its productive father. Generally, the word father does not give any meaning other than the producer, but in worldly practice, the word father is assumed to be the parent, the one who makes sacrifices, gives food or saves from fear. But in Shradh rituals, especially with the word Pitru, the scholar is accepted. One should always do the service of his productive father. Those who do not do so are considered ungrateful. The knowledgeable father who gives knowledge or knowledge should also be treated with food every day, that is Shradh. The service of one’s father and other yagyas, etc., is generally called tarpan. There are only two worshipable in Shradh Karma – Pitru and Dev.
Proficient in the act of speech, always inclined to teach and preach, that is, to teach and preach and to do good to the world by spreading knowledge through the deeds of speech, are called deities. In view of the monotonous words of speech, speech, Saraswati, Vidya etc., it is theoretically correct to consider learned people as gods. And to always rejoice in the knowledge of mental action, to experience the waves of pure bliss in the mind, to always judge good and bad with prudence, who are short-spoken, who speak regularly, or who remain silent under the control of speech, for the benefit of the world. The Pitras are the ones who make the subjects easy with the right knowledge and experience through books and make them popular. Acharya, by giving the gift of Vedavidya, calls the guru the father. The ignorant is called the child and the wise is called the father. These words of Manusmriti prove the fulfillment of the earlier Vedokta verses.
According to the Shatapatha Brahmana, those who do not have the four defects of speech, such as harsh speech, slander and disproportionate speech, but speaking the truth, speaking benevolent sentences, speaking love and reading the Vedas, spending speech in these four contexts, but not speaking in anger, these qualities in which Yes they are gods. And the mind should be ready in thought, that is, the three faults of the mind – craving to take someone else’s thing, bad thoughts of others, and useless impossible thoughts – these defects which are not there and the mind has three qualities – compassion for all beings, absolute and content and Those who have special devotion in devotion to good deeds, worship of God, are called Pitras. It is clear from these words of Manusmriti and Shatapatha Brahmana that the deities who are free from verbal sins and tend to perform verbal virtues, and devoid of mental sins, are called Pitras who are more inclined to perform mental virtues. Those whose speech is pure in all respects, those gods and whose mind is pure in all respects, they are called Pitru people.
Manas, thought is protected by speech, that is why the protector of the work of the father is considered as the god, and the god is also called the sage and the father is also called the sage. Where the gods, sages, ancestors, all come, there will be taken disciples of sage, reading, brahmacaryasramastha, ascetic, antevasi, ascetic. In Manusmriti Chapter III Shradh episode, it is said that due to the predominance of Sattva guna, intelligent and edible poetic substances should be fed to the wise with effort. And the edible thing should be fed to all the four types of scholars. It is also said in the Upanishads – Worship the enlightened one. This verse of the Upanishads proves the hospitality of the knowledgeable people only. Being pleased with the servants who serve the wise people with due faith and devotion, who understand truth and untruth, they set their mind to do welfare. And by preaching the elevated path or simply indicating that this work should be done like this or it should not be done. That is why the servants of knowledgeable fathers are also welfare-oriented. For this reason, one should offer devotional service to the knowledgeable ancestors through charity. Being the life of the living beings is the shelter of food, it is considered the main among all to be treated with food for food. It is only by food that this body can be created, conditioned and destroyed.
On getting a diet that increases sattvik, sattva guna, the body becomes healthy and the intellect is sattva-dominant, strong. This is the attainment of Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha. In the absence of the means of happiness like clothes and ornaments etc., the body can remain stable only by the shelter of food and water, but in the absence of food and water, the condition of the body cannot remain even if there is a chance of immeasurable wealth and becoming the ruler of the world. . That is why it is important to be treated with food and water during tarpan and shraadh. This practice has been followed among the best people since ancient times. But in the course of time, due to the distance from Vedic knowledge, this ancient tradition of Tarpan and Shradh got deformed, and the tradition of giving Pind in the name of those who died started. And now even in Vedic texts, Arsha literature, after finding out about giving Pind in the name of the dead, arguments are being given in favor of Pind Daan. The Vedic scholars consider these incidents to be anti-Veda and say that it is very appropriate to perform Shradh of knowledgeable ancestors with food.
According to mythology, the period starting from Pratipada of Ashwin Krishna Paksha to Amavasya is considered as Pitru Paksha. During this period, performing Shradh with reverence for the ancestors is considered a pious act. But in Vedic philosophy, man has been asked to perform Shradh regularly. According to Manusmriti, with daily food, water, milk or kheer, fruit and tuber roots, the ancestral name should be treated with love and reverence. The name of meat is not included in the food items in this law of Shradh, the daily ritual of Manusmriti. It is clear that meat has not been included in it due to the fact that the meat is inedible. It is clear from this that in the Vedic texts all the descriptions, mantras related to the use of meat in Shradh are projected, that is, they have been mixed by the traitors of Sanatan.
It is worth mentioning that Panch Mahayagya is generally a daily ritual, being under Panch Mahayagya also proves to be a daily ritual. All of these statements are exaggerated. And exceptionally Shradh is also Naimittik. That is, one who cannot perform Shradh every day due to non-availability of the means of food and hospitality, or who does not regularly receive worthy fathers of hospitality, he should perform Shradh after getting the means and worshiped ancestors. The meaning of calling a father worthy of worship is not only of elders in stage. Because in Manusmriti 2/153 it is said-
Agno bhavati vai balah father bhavati mantradah.
Agnam hi balmityahuh piteyev tu mantradam.
– Manusmriti 2/153
That is, even if he is a hundred years old, but the child who is devoid of science, and the one who is the giver of science, that child should also be considered old because all the learned scholars call the ignorant as the child and the wise as the father.
It is proved from this statement of Manusmriti that the name of the aged is father, but the name of the aged is not. In the event of non-availability of means of daily food and hospitality, or in case of non-receipt of paternal ancestors worthy of hospitality, the time for Naimittik Shradh was fixed in ancient times itself. In the Paniniya Sutra it is said Shradhe Sharadah. The meaning of this sutra is that from the word ‘Shraad’, which is a season, there is a suffix ‘Th’ in the meaning of Shradh. Although there are many general and special tasks in the autumn, it would be appropriate to name the Shradh in the autumn as Shardik. Because the other works of autumn are called shards. But this also does not make it clear whether Shradh should be performed in autumn itself or not to be done in other seasons or Shradh is not done in other seasons.
The meaning of saying this is only that the words of other seasons should not be disturbed by the words. Like – Shashiram Shraddham. But the provision of special tax credit for any purpose with an exception formula is a sign of more publicity of that object, action or feeling at a particular time. As autumn is characterized by disease and the brightness of the sun. For this reason, the word Sharad is defined as Vibhasha Rogatpayo:- Special suffix is prescribed by this Paniniya sutra. With this, the specialty of Naimittik Shradh in autumn should be understood. That is, it has been said to perform Shradh for not getting proper means etc. The best thing to eat is the best thing, everything is made from milk. And due to the onset of the rainy season, milk is produced more due to the abundance of food for animals like cow etc. In Shradh, the provision of strong items like kheer etc. has been done. And rice, which is considered the best among cereals, is also produced in autumn due to excess rainfall. For this reason, in the month of Ashwin (Kwar), the custom of Naimittik Shradh was carried out since ancient times. But that Vedic truth tradition has now been destroyed, that is, the purpose for which the Shradh was performed earlier, is no longer the same purpose. Now no one searches for such wise people for Shradh and does not test them, nor does Shradh considering its main purpose, but now mostly the opposite happens. At present, Shradh is seen to be done less in the form of daily karma and more in the form of daily karma.