According to the scriptures, the best time to worship Goddess Bhagwati, the festival of Navratri shows the very dignified place of women in Indian culture. Out of the four Navratras of the year, there are nine days of Navratri from Shukla Pratipada to Navami of Chaitra, Ashadh, Ashwin and Magha, but Navratri of Chaitra and Ashwin respectively Vasantiya and Shardiya Navratri are mainly famous.
Worshiping the unbroken, bondless, omnipresent Diyaurantrikshrupa Jannatmika Aadyashakti in the form of a conscious light – the period and festival of worship is Navratri i.e. Navratri. Creation or destruction is caused by power. According to Vedic belief, this universe is moving by power only. If there is no power in body or mind, then body and mind are of no use. It is on the strength of Shakti that we exist in the world, and Shakti is the energy of the universe. The Vedas, the Upanishads and the Shrimad Bhagavad Gita all refer to Shakti as Prakriti. Wherever there is the power of creation, there is nature itself. That is why nature is called mother and the creator is mother Adi Shakti. There is no mention of Durga in the Vedas. And in the Vedic texts, the power of the universe is called chid (chit) or prakriti. In the Gita it is called Para. Similarly, this power has been given a different name in each of the texts, but it has nothing to do with Parvati, the consort of Shiva. But later the Puranakars linked everyone with Durga.
According to Vedic belief, Siddhis and powers are pervasive in this entire universe. There are many types of powers within ourselves too – knowledge power, will power, mind power and action power etc. The powers are infinite. In the Vedas it is called Chitta Shakti, from which the universe is born. This power is within everyone. Rigvedocta Devisuktam is associated with Goddess Durga. From the study of Vedas and Upanishads, through a rhetorical story, it becomes clear that the yogic name of the learning of the mind is Durga. When Brahma Vidya, Brahmagni and Brahmavedana come from the door of this knowledge, it is called Mahishasur Mardani. Only impure tendencies are Mahishasura. By controlling the mind, through knowledge and wisdom, through this Brahma Vidya, this Mahishasura is killed by going to the shelter of Mother Durga and then this Vidya rides on the lion. When this soul starts resting on the life, then this dead Mahishasura gets absorbed in the life.
At that time, the light of that soul, which is Mahalakshmi, is called Durga and the name of the soul is called Durgeveti in the Upanishads. This soul rides on the soul and goes to the Supreme Soul, that is why we call it Mahishasur Mardini. It is noteworthy that this world is created by Brahma in seven Manvantaras. It is mentioned in the Qur’an as six days, and on the seventh day, like a laborer, being tired of creating, Allah took rest. Allah is the ancient name. Just as in the Vedic texts, this world has been described as moving by power, in the same way, in the Qur’an too, Allah creates and runs the world. But Allah is the name before Islam and this word was prevalent in India from the pre-Islam. Even today there are many temples in South India in the name of Alleshwari Devi.
Some scholars do not consider Goddess Durga to be a mythological, fictional or incarnated character, but a historical character. According to legend, during the time of Swarochish Manu, the Mahishi and Shumbh-Nishumbha non-Aryan chieftains of the south attacked Bharata, who were killed by Durga Devi, the daughter of the Himavan king. The commander of Durga Devi’s army was Bhairav, who used dogs in the same way as the present policemen and spies. The Chanda-Mundas were the warriors of the non-Aryans. The remaining demons had fled to Hades i.e. present-day America in fear of Goddess Durga.
The invader Aryaloka hi yatkale Mahishasurai:
Yesham Shumbha-Nishumbhadinayaka Balashalinah:
Chandmundadayo Veeraste Duvidurgaya Hata:
Duvi durgapraharen kechit palayita vane
Shesh gata hi patalam nimagna sagare pare: .
It is also said in Durga Saptashati-
Daityasch Devya Hite Shumbhe Devariu Yudhi
Nishumbha cha Mahavirye Sesha Patala Mayu:.
– Durga Saptashati
In this way Goddess Durga, the heroine who slays the non-Aryans, proves to be a historical character, and not a mythological or a fictional character or any incarnation.
In mythological texts, Bhagwati Durga is considered to be a form of Shiva’s wife Parvati, who was born on the request of the gods to destroy the demons. The main form of Goddess Durga herself in many forms is Gauri i.e. calm, beautiful and fair. The most terrible form of Durga is Kali i.e. the black form. There is a mythological ritual of reciting Sridurga’s aarti and Durga Chalisa in the worship of Goddess Durga, who rides a lion. Durga in various forms is worshiped in many temples and places of pilgrimage in India, Nepal and other parts of the world. In the Shakta sect, which is considered to be a woman, that is, a goddess, Bhagwati Durga is considered to be the supreme power and supreme deity of the world. There is no mention of Durga in the Vedas, but there is a mention of the female deity Shakti Roopini Aditi and other female deities and their glories have been sung. In the Upanishad, the description of Himalaya’s daughter Goddess Uma Hemavati Uma is available. Considering Durga as Adishakti in mythological texts, she is said to be a form of Parvati, the wife of Shiva. Durga is the goddess of war due to her origin being for the destruction of demons i.e. for war on the request of the gods. There are many forms of Goddess Durga herself.
According to mythological texts, the best time to worship Goddess Bhagwati, the festival of Navratri shows the very dignified place of women in Indian culture. Out of the four Navratras of the year, there are nine days of Navratri from Shukla Pratipada to Navami of Chaitra, Ashadh, Ashwin and Magha, but Navratri of Chaitra and Ashwin respectively Vasantiya and Shardiya Navratri are mainly famous. In these too, devotees of Goddess Ashwin do more Navratri. They begin with Chaitra and Ashwin Shukla Pratipada. Therefore, this Pratipada is auspicious in front of you. According to Brahma Vaivarta Purana, Durga, Narayani, Ishana, Vishnumaya, Shiva, Sati, Nitya, Satya, Bhagwati, Sarvani, Sarvamangala, Ambika, Vaishnavi, Gauri, Parvati and Sanatani – these sixteen names as mentioned in the Kauthumi branch of the Vedas. are benevolent. The glory of all these names has been described in the Puranas. The word Durga is derived from the combination of the words Durg and Aa. The word fort comes in the sense of demon, great obstacle, material bondage, karma, grief, sorrow, hell, punishment, birth, great fear and extreme disease, and the word aa means laughter. Due to the destruction of these demons and great obstacles etc., the goddess has been called Durga. Due to being equal to Narayan in fame, radiance, form and qualities and being the power of Narayan, she is called Narayani. Being the giver of all siddhis, she is called Goddess Ishana. In the past, at the time of creation, Lord Vishnu created Maya and through that Maya enchanted the whole world. She is called Vishnumaya because of Mayadevi being the power of Vishnu. Being the beloved and bestower of Shiva and welfare, she is said to be Goddess Kalyanswaroopa, Shivadayini and Shivapriya as Shiva. She is called Sati because of being the presiding deity of good intellect, being present in all time, virtuous and gentle. Like God’s eternal being, Bhagwati is also eternal. At the time of Prakrit Pralay, they remain engrossed in God with their Maya. The whole world from Brahma to grass or insect is false because of being artificial, but Durga is the form of truth. Just as God is truth, so also Goddess Prakriti is true. Due to the complete perfect, aishwaryadirupa Bhaga present within the goddess in every age, she is called Goddess Durga Bhagwati.
The goddess who gives birth, death, old age and salvation to all the pastoral beings of the world is called Sarvani because of her quality. The goddess who gives complete salvation is Sarvamangala. She is known as Goddess Sarvamangala because she is the giver of Mars, happiness, wealth and welfare. Goddess is worshiped and venerated by all and is the mother of all the three worlds, hence she is called Ambika. The goddess is a devotee of Shri Vishnu, Vishnurupa and the power of Vishnu. Due to his creation by Vishnu in the creation period, he is called Vaishnavi. The word Gaur is a symbol of the yellow colour, the detached and pure Parabrahma Paramatma. She has been called Gauri because of having that power of the God who can hear those Gaur words. Lord Shiva is the guru of all and the goddess is called Gauri because of her Sati-Sadhvi Priya Shakti. Shri Krishna is the guru of all and the Goddess is his Maya. That is why she is also called Gauri. Due to being famous in Tithibheda i.e. Purnima, Parvbhed, Kalpabhed and other distinctions etc. She is called Parvati because of being the presiding deity of the festival-special festival. Goddess Parvat i.e. Giriraj is the daughter of Himalaya, has appeared on the mountain and is the presiding deity of the mountain. That is why she is also called Parvati. Being Sanatani always, everywhere and in all times, she is Goddess Sanatani. In the festival of Shakti element in the spring, worshiping the three forms of power – will power, action power and knowledge power respectively, worshiping Mahakali, Mahalakshmi and Maha Saraswati – results in attaining self-knowledge by going deep within one’s mind. By controlling the six vices – Kama (desire), anger, greed, mad (obstinacy), attachment and matsaryam (jealousy) and moving forward on the spiritual path, the desire for self-interest will not only be fulfilled, due to the automatic destruction of these vices, many types of accomplishments With the attainment of this, along with the accomplishment of the works of charity, there will also be a feeling of happiness of providing self-sacrifice for the welfare of the world.