After Srishti Samvatsar, many great men including Yudhishthira, Vikramaditya also ran their own Samvatsar, but no one could forget the first sun ray, first day, date calculation of this first Samvatsar in Sanatan Dharma and this date is considered very sacred and important. . Chaitra Shukla Paksha Pratipada date is the first day of Vikrami Samvat, the coronation day of Lord Shri Ram, the first day of Navratri establishment, the second Guru of Sikh tradition, Guru Angaddev Pragatotsav i.e. Birthday, Arya Samaj Foundation Day, Sant Jhulelal Birthday, the beginning of Shalivahan Samvatsar. The day is the first day of Yugad Samvatsar.
April 2 – New Year’s Pratipada Day
Savantsar means the first dawn of this manifest creation. First sunrise of the whole world. The opening day of the Indian New Year. Proud day for Indians because it does not start with any date of birth of any sage-muni, Mahatma etc., but from the moment the creation started, the Samvatsar started. Kaal also started from the day of Samvatsar. Time is also known as time, time etc. It is noteworthy that in Indian culture, the beginning of the new year is considered to be from the Pratipada of Shukla Paksha of Chaitra month. The beginning of Vikram Samvat, the universal Samvat of India, also starts from Chaitra Shukla Pratipada 2075 years ago. This date is considered a very holy day in Indian culture. Because according to the ancient scriptures, the Pratipada date of Shukla Paksha of Chaitra month is the birth date of the creation and on this Pratipada date, when the sunrise on Sunday, Brahma started the creation of the universe. He called this Pratipada date as Pravara or the best date. That is why it is also called the first day of creation.
From this day onwards worship of Samvatsar, Vasantik Navratri Ghatasthapana, flag hoisting, recitation of fruit of Varesh etc. rituals are done. Varsha Pratipada Tithi has its own specific mythological and historical significance. After Srishti Samvatsar, many great men including Yudhishthira, Vikramaditya also ran their own Samvatsar, but no one could forget the first sun ray, first day, date calculation of this first Samvatsar in Sanatan Dharma and this date is considered very sacred and important. . Chaitra Shukla Paksha Pratipada date is the first day of Vikrami Samvat, the coronation day of Lord Shri Ram, the first day of Navratri establishment, the second Guru of Sikh tradition, Guru Angaddev Pragatotsav i.e. Birthday, Arya Samaj Foundation Day, Sant Jhulelal Birthday, the beginning of Shalivahan Samvatsar. The day is the first day of Yugad Samvatsar.
According to Brahma Purana, the creation of Chaitra Shukla Pratipada was started and on this day the time count started in India. It is said that –
Chaitra Masse Jagadbrahm Samagre Prathamenini
Shukla paksha samagre tu always sunrise se sati. – Brahma Purana
That is, at the time of sunrise on Chaitra-Shukla-Pratipada, Pitamah Brahma started the creation of the universe.
In this way, the first praiseworthy effort was made by the sages to tie the infinite time in number. Time is that Kaal Purush, which can never be captured, because it is infinite and infinite as it is moving, but our Trikaldarshi Kaaldrashta Rishis, immersed in samadhi for the measurement of time, explained the nature of calculation of time by the intellect arising from the realization of consciousness. He had done the investigation. He has determined the time by calculating the time from the most subtle unit error of time to the long unit Mahayuga, Kalpa, Brahma Varsha etc. Thousands and millions of years ago, Indian astrologers had developed a scientific method of calculating time according to the Vedic tradition, which is more accurate than the present scientific calculation. Therefore it is still inspiring for the scientists of the world even today.
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The creation of the universe is a question that has always been a matter of challenge for scientists and philosophers. It also has different interpretations in different religions. But completely pure scientific and logical details on this subject are available only in Vedas and Shrimad Bhagavad Gita, but not elsewhere. Kaal and Brahman are considered synonymous in Indian philosophy. Time and death are considered synonymous in folk life. Before the creation of the universe, there was no sense of time. It was not even a year. Then what was there before that? Giving the answer to this in the Nasadiya Sukta of Rigveda, Rigveda 10-129, it has been said –
Nasdasin no sadasit tadani nasid rajo no vyomaparo yat.
Kimavarivah kuh kasya sharmannambhah kimasid gahanam gabhiram.
Neither mrityrasidamritam nor tarhi nor nightrya ahna asitpraketah.
Aanidvatam swadhya tadekam tasmaddhanyana par: ki chanas.
According to these mantras of Rigveda, then there was neither true nor untrue. Neither the land, nor the sky-no vyoma paro yat. There was neither death nor immortality. Neither night nor day. There was no air, but he himself was taking life in an avat state by his own power – anidvatam svadhaya tadekam. Tadekam means who is that one? The answer in the Rigveda is that he was breathing without air. That one is called by scholars sometimes by the names of gods like Vipra Indra, Mitra, Agni, and sometimes Varuna etc. But he is one Sad means that there is only one truth – Ekasad Vipra Bahudha Vadanti. -R.1.164.46. The mirror with the invocation of the Creator of the universe is the beginning of change, the beginning. When there is change, there must be some movement. Where there is speed, there is time. And this mirror of time is the Samvatsar.
Science also says the same, behind every creation or change, there is an energy behind. The centers of energy are continuously giving energy, so will this accumulated energy also be wasted one day? It is possible. It will happen. Scientists estimate that crores of years will pass, the energy of the Sun will be diminished. The heat of the sun will not melt the snow at the poles. Snow will increase, mankind will not get enough heat for life. The Earth, like the Moon, will revolve around the lifeless Sun like a lifeless snow body in a continuously decreasing orbit and will eventually fall into it. Some planets may have already fallen there before. The study of Vedic texts would clearly have realized the same thing and Vedic philosophy calls it a holocaust. But the catastrophe period is not the destroyer of all the energy, that is, the energy remains even after that and this is the reason that the world is born again after the catastrophe. Kapil had said the same thing long ago in the Sankhya philosophy of India. Creation and dissolution move in the unit of nature, hence duality appears in nature.
According to Indian calculations, the age of the universe is 1 billion 95 crores, 58 lakhs, 85 thousand one hundred and 22 years. The same age has been displayed in the religious social almanacs ie calendars generally available in the market. This is also the current scientific conjecture. But Indian astrology tells about the time of creation and birth and the time of human birth by looking at the constellations. According to astrology, today, April 2 of 2022, that is, the starting day of Vikram Samvat 2079, started 1,97, 29, 40, 122 years before Chaitra Shukla Pratipada, but this is not the period of human appearance. The appearance of man on this earth is considered to be the present Chaturyugi. It is calculated as follows. 4,32,00,00,000 is considered as the Brahma day of the solar year. The Purna Brahm day is divided into 14 Manvantaras. Out of these Manvantaras, six Manvantaras have passed so far and the seventh Manvantara is in progress. The 27 Chaturyugis of the seventh Manvantara have elapsed.
The Satyuga, Tretayuga and Dwapara Yuga of the twenty-eighth Chayuryugi have elapsed and 5123 years of Kali Yuga have elapsed. All this makes up 1,97,29,40,123 solar years. Some scholars consider it to be 1,97,29,49,123 years, but according to Jyotish Samhita, Manusmriti and Sankalp Mantra, it is accurate only for 1,97,29,40,123 years. This is the elapsed period from the beginning of creation to the present day. The work of creation begins when the equilibrium state of the atom is disturbed. According to the Surya Siddhanta, it took 47,400 divine years for Brahma to create the universe. Since one year (a divine year) of the gods is equal to 360 solar years of our earth, so the net age of creation in Vikram Samvat 2079 =1,97,29,40,123 -1,70,64,000 =1,95,58 ,76,123 (1,97,29,49,123 -1,70,64,000 = 1,95,58,85,123 ) would be a solar year. That is, so long ago the work of creation was completed (completed).
According to the Indian calendar, when the Nav Samvatsar i.e. Vikram Samvat 2079 will start from Chaitra-Shukla-Pratipada on the next Tuesday, April 13, then 1,97,29,40,122 years will have passed since the creation of the universe and 1,97,29,40,123 The tenth year would have started. The ancient Indian sages, knowing the importance of Chaitra-Shukla-Pratipada and the date of creation of this day, recognized the beginning of the Indian Samvatsar (year) from this date.
According to astrologers, time scientists, scholars of Samvatsar, there are mainly three standards for the study of time i.e. period in the current calendar – year, month and date. That is why in western numerology only three-dimensional study of time is done, whereas in Indian astrology five-dimensional analysis of time is done. The instrument used to study these five parts of time properly is called Panchang. There are five main parts of the Indian calendar i.e. Panchang – Tithi, Vaar, Nakshatra, Yoga and Karana (half of a tithi). By studying and analyzing different parts of time through Panchang, it is known that which day is auspicious and right to do which work? In this way, by knowing the exact calculation of time (Kaal) and its tendency, success can be achieved by doing the right work at the right time. Time-counting in Indian culture is not only mathematical, but it also indicates the future. Here, a separate name has also been given to every Samvatsar i.e. year. In the name of the Samvatsara, the indications of the main events taking place in that year are hidden. Since the naming of Samvatsara is relative to nature, we can also call Samvatsara a mirror of nature. In fact, Samvatsara (year) is not just a game of numbers, but it is such a mirror in which every part of nature is clearly visible. Through the Panchang, a very minute study and analysis of nature i.e. the weather is done in the Samvatsara.
The festival of Nav-Samvatsar has been celebrated with great pomp on the day of Chaitra-Shukla-Pratipada in the form of Nav-Samvatsarotsav since ancient times. On this day, it is customary to express gratitude to the creator Brahma and all the parts of the universe and worship of Kaal i.e. time and all the parts of the universe. While worshiping the various parts of the universe, the idea of purification of the environment and the end of pollution has come automatically in man, since ancient times man has been aware of them and due to the feeling of divinity in the trees, rivers, there is enough emphasis on their protection. Attention was awakened. At present, due to our neglect and greed arising due to western indulgent tendencies, the environment is being harmed all around. While worshiping, the person himself used to take the resolution of their protection. The main message of Navasamvatsar is that if man wants to keep the earth and self-existence safe, prosperous, then he has to keep the various components of creation, such as earth, water and air etc. free from pollution and cutting of trees and mining of mountains should be kept to a minimum. Will have to do
The purpose of worshiping Kaal (time) with its various parts – year, month, date, war, constellation etc. in the Nav-Samvatsarat festival is to understand and explain the importance of time. Because proper use of time is profit and misuse is loss. The spring season filled with joy, gaiety, ecstasy, happiness and the fragrance of all four flowers begins with Pratipada, which is the beginning of the ripening of the crop, that is, the time to reap the fruits of the farmers’ labor. At this time the constellations are in an auspicious position, that is, it is an auspicious time to start any work. Therefore, on this auspicious new year’s Pratipada date, with infinite good wishes to all Indians, for the prevention of the inauspicious fruits of the new year, pray to God to keep blessings on everyone so that this Samvatsara is beneficial for the whole world and to come in the middle of this Samvatsar. May all the evil and hindrance-obstacles go away and be peaceful.