Health

Nail infection, don’t be careless

Most of the people suffering from nail fungal infection try home remedies without going to the doctor. According to a report by the World Health Organization, 10 of the world’s Percentage of the adult population suffers from nail infections and there are more men than women. Farmer farmers often fall prey to this infection. Left untreated, pain in the fingers and toes, along with wearing foul odors and shoes, intensifies and gradually turns into a serious infection such as cellulitis.

You must have seen that the nails of some people turn inward, become unsightly, coarse, beige or dark yellow and break with light pressure, have you ever wondered why this happens? According to medical science, it is due to fungal infection in 50 percent of cases and deficiency of minerals (calcium), biotin and vitamins in the rest. Formally, more than 10 million cases are reported in our country, but this number is much less than the reality because most of the people suffering from nail fungal infection do not go to the doctor and try home remedies. According to a report by the World Health Organization, 10 percent of the world’s adult population suffers from nail infections and among them there are fewer men than women. Farmer farmers often fall prey to this infection.

Fungal infection called onychomycosis or tinea unguium occurs in the nails of the fingers and toes, its initial symptoms emerge as dark-thickening of the nails and cracking of the edges, it first appears in the toes, treatment This pain intensifies on wearing deodorant and shoes, along with pain in the fingers and toes, and gradually turns into a serious infection like cellulitis.

Why do nail infections happen?

It is caused by candida fungi that live without sunlight. Typically, a group of fungi called dermatophytes are responsible for fungal infections of the nails, causing people to experience symptoms such as ring worm, athlete’s foot, and joke-itch. Infections occur. However, yeasts and fungi such as Trichophyton rubrum, Trichophyton interdigital, Epidermophyton floccosum, Trichophyton violaceum, Microsporum gypsum, Trichophyton tonsils, Trichophyton soudense, Neositalidium, Scopulariopsis and Aspergillus also cause nail infections. Any healthy person can get this infection by sleeping on the bed of a person suffering from nail infection or by sharing his socks and shoes, it spreads most quickly in warm and moist environment.

What symptoms emerge?

Fungus-infected nails are dark-thick, brittle, friable, discolored, unsightly, or dark yellow in color. Symptoms include scaling under the nails (hyperkeratosis), yellowish-white-brown streaks, yellow spots, cracking of the nails while sleeping, pain in the toes, and foul odor. Another symptom associated with nail infection is dermatophytes present in the skin that appear as an allergic reaction in the form of rashes or itching in healthy areas of the body.

Who’s more at risk?

It can happen to anyone, but it is more common in the elderly than in men and youth than in women. Decreased blood circulation, Slow nail growth, Family history of fungal infection, Excessive sweating, Humid environment, Applying artificial nails, Wearing dirty socks, Tight shoes that prevent ventilation, Walking barefoot in swimming pool, gym and shower room, Nails People with skin injury or infection, diabetes, AIDS, and weakened immune systems are at higher risk. Older adults i.e. those above 65 years of age are at the highest risk because slow blood flow in the body and slow growth of nails are part of the natural process like aging.

How to confirm?

Potassium hydroxide smear culture and KOH test are done by taking a scrap from under the nail to confirm fungal infection in the nails. This test diagnoses psoriasis, lichen planus, contact dermatitis, trauma, nail bed tumor, eczema and yellow nail syndrome.

What is the treatment?

The easiest way to avoid this is to keep nails short and clean. Do not chew the nails with the teeth, as there is a possibility of spreading the infection rapidly. Treatment is a lengthy and costly process that involves antifungal medications, nail creams and some alternative treatments. There are over the counter creams available in the market, but they are not very effective. The main oral medications are terbinafine (Lamisil), itraconazole (Sporanox) and fluconazole (Diflucan). Remember that even after good treatment, it takes about 4 months for a nail infection to heal, in severe cases doctors remove the entire nail.

Home remedies: Applying Vicks VapoRub, Listerine mouthwash or urea paste used for cough to infected nails slows down the growth of the infection and prevents further spread.

The ciclopirox element present in snakeroot plant extracts is a natural antifungal that helps prevent nail infections.

Thymol, an element found in oregano oil, is also rich in antifungal properties, which is why it is used along with tea tree oil in medicines to remove nail infections.

Ozonized oils such as olive and sunflower are also effective in preventing nail fungal infections, due to their similarity to the gases present in the ozone layer that some scientists consider them to be more effective than an antifungal drug called ketoconazole in the treatment of fungal infections.

Australian tea tree oil, vinegar and grape seed extract have also been used as other alternative medicines, but there is no scientific evidence of their effectiveness. It has also been seen that over time, this infection gets cured on its own due to the strengthening of the body’s immunity.

How To Avoid Nail Fungal Infection?

To prevent fungal infection in nails, it is important to keep hands and feet clean, keep nails short-dry and clean, wear socks, use antifungal spray or powder, wear rubber gloves to avoid excessive contact with water, do not chew nails Wearing shoes or sandals in public places and pools Make sure tools in manicure or pedicure salons are properly sterilized Do not use artificial nails and nail polish Wash hands after touching infected nails Do not bed nails Cut and don’t share shoes and socks.

attitude

People with diabetes and low immunity (AIDS) should avoid this infection, they are more vulnerable to it. They should get it treated immediately and consult a doctor in this regard. Nail infection can take a long time to heal completely, so be patient. Do not throw your nails around, especially on the bed, as this can spread the nail infection to the skin. Left untreated, the nail can be permanently damaged or the infection can spread to other parts of the body and lead to a serious bacterial infection such as cellulitis. To keep nails healthy after the infection has healed, take calcium, biotin and vitamin D supplements on the advice of a doctor.

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