Life Style

Liver failure, how fatal?

One in five Indians suffer from some kind of liver failure, Due to contaminated food and water, Drug addiction and sedentary lifestyle. signs of liver damage, loss of appetite fatigue, yellowing of the eyes or skin, vomiting-nausea, Abdominal pain, abdominal swelling, edema, forgetfulness, They begin to appear months in advance in the form of dark urine and itching of the skin. Most of the liver diseases can be cured by changing the diet and lifestyle in the early stage.

According to the World Health Organization report, every year 2 million people die from liver damage worldwide, of which 1 million are from cirrhosis and others from viral hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma (cancer). In the context of his country, this report states that one in five Indians suffer from some kind of liver failure, due to contaminated food and water, drug addiction and sedentary lifestyle. Signs of liver damage include loss of appetite, tiredness, yellowing of the eyes or skin, nausea, abdominal pain, abdominal swelling, edema, forgetfulness, dark urine, and itchy skin months in advance. Most of the liver diseases can be cured by changing the diet and lifestyle in the early stage.

Can you survive without a liver?

The liver makes chemicals (biles) that help our body digest dietary fiber, cholesterol, and vitamins; it stores excess sugar and vitamins in the body for future use, as well as forming the clots needed to stop bleeding. Is. Liver has the ability to self-regenerate, a person can survive with the help of small but healthy part of it because healthy part regenerates liver by making new cells, but without liver can not survive. Apart from uncontrolled bleeding without liver, getting toxic elements in the blood leads to cirrhosis. In many cases, due to the hardening of the liver, there is no flow of blood rich in nutrients brought by the portal veins. Portal veins carry blood from the digestive organs to the liver. Veins burst due to increased pressure due to obstruction of blood flow to the liver (portal hypertension).

What is the effect of alcohol on the liver?

In medical science, frequent alcohol consumption is considered the main cause of liver damage, most drinkers first suffer from fatty liver, then alcoholic hepatitis and finally liver cirrhosis. According to one report, 35 percent of people who drink alcohol get alcoholic hepatitis and 10 to 15 percent of people get liver cirrhosis.

Some liver cells die by drinking alcohol, but after some time it develops new cells, which does not have a bad effect on health. The bad effect occurs when a person drinks alcohol for years, it causes permanent damage to the liver by reducing its ability to make new cells, according to research, more than 3 alcoholic drinks daily damages the liver.

What is the relation of jaundice with liver?

It is not a disease in itself but is an indicator of liver failure, the main reason for this indicator, popularly known as jaundice, is the excess amount of bilirubin (hyper bilirubinemia) produced by the breakdown of red blood cells in the body. In addition to yellowing of the skin, there is swelling in the stomach. Most newborns suffer from it but they get better on their own in a week or two. Jaundice in adults means liver failure. Jaundice in healthy young people is caused by acute viral hepatitis. Types of jaundice are dependent on the liver’s bilirubin filtration process, such as pre-haptic before the liver, haptic in the liver, and post-haptic after the liver. Severe damage to the liver can lead to other problems with jaundice, such as a decline in brain capacity and a tendency to bleed or bruise.

Although death from jaundice is rare, but it can lead to death if it is not cured for 4 to 6 months. To get rid of this quickly, drink more and more water or juice and sit in the sun, keep the level of vitamin D in the body right. In severe cases, intravenous immunoglobin and blood transfusions are needed. To find out the cause of jaundice, doctors conduct LFT blood test (liver function test), in some cases Gilbert’s syndrome and metal deposits also cause jaundice.

What is Jeeves syndrome?

In medical science, the term Zeev’s syndrome (ZS) is used for some diseases of the liver, in 1957 Dr. Leslie Zeewe used this term for three diseases called jaundice, hemolytic anemia and hyperlipidemia, he found that alcoholism Due to the damage to the liver, the risk of getting them increases. Patients with Jeeves syndrome are often troubled by abdominal pain, nausea and loss of appetite.

common liver diseases

If we talk about common liver diseases, then they are caused by hepatitis virus like-

hepatitis A: This infectious liver disease caused by a virus is transmitted through contaminated food, water or contact with an infected person. Its symptoms emerge as fatigue, nausea, abdominal pain, loss of appetite and low fever. It heals in a few weeks or months under the supervision of a good doctor, it requires adequate rest and drinking water. There is a vaccine available to prevent this. After suffering, blood, urine and imaging tests are needed for confirmation.

hepatitis B: It is spread through contact with infected bodily fluids, through unprotected sex (vaginal, anal or oral sex) and through impure blood transfusion, as well as from mother to child through pregnancy, childbirth or feeding. Its symptoms are variable, including yellowing of the eyes, abdominal pain, and dark colored urine. Some people, especially children, do not develop any symptoms. Usually it gets better on its own. In chronic cases, careless conditions such as liver failure or liver scarring may require medications and possibly a liver transplant. There is a vaccine available to prevent this serious liver infection.

hepatitis C: In this, the virus attack causes inflammation in the liver. The virus is spread through contact with contaminated blood; For example, by sharing needles or tattooing equipment. It is passed from mother to child through pregnancy, delivery or feeding. Most people don’t have any symptoms. Those in whom symptoms emerge may include fatigue, nausea, loss of appetite, yellowing of the eyes and skin. It is treated with antiviral drugs.

Autoimmune Hepatitis: This genetic disease is most common in women. This reduces the efficiency of liver inflammation and increases the chances of cirrhosis.

Having bile duct damage: This leads to the condition of primary biliary cirrhosis, which can later progress to severe cirrhosis.

fatty liver: A healthy liver has a small amount of fat, when there is a fatty liver, its amount increases, due to which it becomes damaged due to inflammation in the liver, due to the formation of small wounds, the chances of liver failure increase. According to doctors, obesity and type-2 diabetes are the main reasons, but in our country this disease is spreading due to excessive consumption of alcohol, it is called AFLD i.e. alcoholic fatty liver disease. In this, symptoms such as constant tiredness and uncomfortable with daily activities and pain in the upper part of the abdomen emerge. Due to this scarring of the liver is called liver fibrosis.

Metal deposit disorder: Having iron and copper deposits in the liver increases the risk of cirrhosis. The main examples are Wilson’s disease and hemochromatosis.

Drug overdose: Long-term use of acetaminophen, anti-biotic and anti-depression drugs can adversely affect the liver.

Which disease is the most serious?

Liver cirrhosis is considered the most serious disease after hepatocellular carcinoma (cancer), also called final stage liver disease, in which the liver is permanently damaged due to scarring. The chances of recovery of a person with cirrhosis depend on the age at which the disease was detected. If it is detected at the age of 20 to 29 years, then the chances of recovery are 81 percent, if it goes between 30-39 then 47.4 percent and if it goes after 40 then 28.7 percent. According to the National Center for Health Statistics and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), chronic liver psoriasis is the 12th leading cause of disease death. Every year one million new patients come to our country.

Is liver cirrhosis a death sentence?

Some people believe that liver cirrhosis is death sentence, but when I talked to liver specialist Dr. Choudhary in this regard, he told that it is in those cases in which the sufferer does not stop consuming alcohol even after the confirmation of cirrhosis. As soon as it is confirmed, if the patient stops drinking alcohol and follows the advice of the doctor, his liver repairs itself to a great extent in six months. The early symptoms of cirrhosis include fatigue, loss of appetite, yellowing of the eyes, nausea, weight loss, itchy skin, edema, bleeding easily from an injury, or non-clot formation. In the final stage of cirrhosis, the sufferer has memory problems with changes in personality, inability to tell the difference between day and night and continues to decline in brain capacity, remains sleepy and quickly becomes confused. In such a situation, if the patient is not given blood and albumin (a type of protein), then he can go into a coma or he dies due to cardiac arrest.

Worldwide, most deaths from liver cirrhosis occur in Egypt and Moldova, and the lowest in Iceland. In Egypt and Moldova, this death rate is between 71,200 and 72,700 people per 100,000 people. According to a report by the World Health Organization, liver cirrhosis accounts for 18.1 percent of all deaths among men aged 45 to 54 in Egypt.

How to know if liver is good or not?

Liver health is detected by a blood test called LFT ie Liver Function Test, this test shows liver function by the amount of proteins, liver enzymes and bilirubin in the blood.

Are Detox Drinks Beneficial for the Liver?

Research has shown that coffee is good for the liver, it prevents problems like fatty liver. Drinks containing ginger, lemon and turmeric, green tea and grapefruit juice are also beneficial for the liver. A juice cleanse is a detox diet that involves drinking only raw vegetable and fruit juices for 3 days. According to proponents of the juice cleanse, the juice diet replenishes the body with phytonutrients and antioxidants.

change lifestyle with determination

Most of the liver diseases are cured by changing diet and lifestyle, only in severe cases, medicines or surgery are needed. The treatment of cirrhosis, a disease called fourth stage of fatty liver and death sentence, is very expensive, in alcoholic cirrhosis, the cost of albumin protein transfusion is 6 to eight thousand rupees a day. Liver transplant is the only option in the last stage of cirrhosis, the cost of liver transplant in government hospitals of our country is about 20 lakhs and in private hospitals 30 lakhs, so if liver failure is detected in the first stage, on the advice of the doctor. Come on, give up alcohol and smoking. It takes a long time to deal with liver related diseases, in such a situation, the support of family and friends is very important, always discuse the patient of alcoholic cirrhosis for alcohol and assure him that by trying he can quit alcohol and lead a healthy life again. Is.

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