Shravani Teej on Hartalika Vrat, It is also called Kajali Teej and Hartalika Teej or Teeja. Worship of Lord Shiva and Mother Parvati has special significance, so there is a law to worship Lord Shiva and Mother Parvati in this fast. According to the Puranas, this fast was first kept by Mother Parvati for Lord Shiva Shankar. It is also believed that this day is called Hartalika because Parvati’s friend kidnapped her and took her to the thick forest. Harat means to abduct and Aalika means friend. That is why it is also known as Hartalika.
July 31 – Hariyali Teej
On the third day of Shukla Paksha of Shravan month, it is customary to observe Hartalika fast by unmarried virgins and fortunate women on the day of Hasta Nakshatra. Hartalika fast is also known as Shravani Teej, Kajali Teej and Hartalika Teej or Teeja. In order to keep their marriage intact, unmarried women worship Gauri-Shankar in this fast and ask them for the blessing of unbroken good fortune. This fast is very difficult, and in this fast the whole day is fasted without water and the fast is broken only after worshiping the next day. It is a popular belief that the women who observe this fast go to Shivalok after having a happy husbandry like Parvati.
According to mythological belief, this fast was first kept by Mother Parvati for Lord Shiva Shankar. Mother Parvati fasted by staying waterless in the forest and chewing the leaves and found Shiva as her husband on the day of Teej. Women observe this fast on the third day of Shukla Paksha of Shravan month on the day of Hasta Nakshatra, aspiring to get a groom like Shiva and to keep their good fortune intact. Women fasting on this day get up before sunrise and after taking bath, do complete makeup, and by making a pavilion made of banana leaves and setting up the idol of Gauri-Shankar, specially worship Gauri-Shankar, and make Parvati a suhag. Carry all the goods. There is a prohibition of sleeping on that night for those who observe the fast. Therefore, after listening to the story of Shiva-Parvati’s marriage while doing bhajan kirtan in the night, after taking a bath in the morning, with devotion and devotion, a deserving married woman should be given makeup, clothes, food items, fruits, sweets and ornaments as per the strength. Must donate. Both unmarried girls or married women are eligible for this fast, but once the fast is observed, there is an obligation to keep this fast for life.
If the fasting woman is in a serious patient condition, then there is a mythological law to keep this fast by another woman or her husband as well. In this regard, in our mythological texts, everyone has been given permission for this. Especially for newly married women, the first Shravan festival after marriage has special significance and they observe the Hartalika Vrat coming in this month with full devotion and rituals. The festival of Teej is celebrated with great pomp in most of the states of North India. Women especially in Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh celebrate it in a passionate way. She observes a fast during the day, performs puja in the evening and completes the fast with night awakening. This festival is also called Budhi Teej on the other hand. On this day mother-in-law gives suhagi to her daughter-in-law. By observing this fast, unmarried girls get the desired groom and the fortune of married women increases and Shiva-Parvati blesses them with the boon of being unbroken Saubhagyavati.
According to Indian traditions, Hartalika Teej is considered to mark the beginning of festivals. With the onset of Shravani Teej, the process of Indian festivals starts, which continues till the Holi festival. Women observe Nirjala fast on Hartalika Teej. They put new bangles, mehndi in their hands and alata on their feet and wear new clothes and fast with gaiety. On this day married women wear clothes from their Naihar i.e. Pihar (maiden), and worship Lord Shankar and Mother Parvati with makeup. At the end of the worship, the story of Teej is heard that how Mother Parvati, after suffering, got Shankar as her husband. On the night of Teej, after worshiping the women collectively, they also do night awakening. One of the importance of worshiping collectively on Teej is that in this way women are able to connect with each other closely. Organizing Teej Milan on the day of Teej is also a purpose to create mutual association. Women sing songs, dance and joke. In this way they celebrate Teej with laughter. Teej festival has special significance in Rajasthan and on this day women wish for the return of their husbands who have gone far away. Fairs are held at many places. The ride of Maa Parvati is taken out with great pomp. Married girls often come to their maternal home for Hariyali Teej. On this festival, they apply mehndi on their hands. She wears colorful bangles. For the newly married woman, a singer comes for her from her in-laws’ house. There is also a tradition of swinging on a tree on Teej.
According to mythology, due to the greatness of the fast of Teej, Goddess Parvati got Lord Shiva as her husband. According to the legend, Parvati, the girl of Himachal, made a vow to get Shiva in her husband’s form by chewing dry leaves, staying waterless, regardless of the adversities of the weather. Seeing this difficult fast, Naradji reached Himachal’s house with the marriage proposal of Lord Vishnu. Himachal gladly accepted this proposal. But when Parvati came to know about this, she became sad. The reason was that she had considered Shiva as her husband in her mind. Seeing Parvati’s grief, her friend got worried and that friend suggested that she hide them in the thick forest, where she can worship Shiva to get her as a groom. Parvati worshiped Bhadrapada on the third shukla in Biyaban forest by making a Shivling out of sand and asked Lord Bholenath as her bridegroom. Ultimately the father also bowed to Parvati’s wish and agreed to her marriage to Shiva. According to the legends, being pleased with Parvati’s penance, Shiva accepted her as Ardhangini on the day of Shravani Teej, so unmarried girls observe Hartalika Teej fast with the desire to get a groom like Shiva and married women to get unbroken good fortune.
According to folk belief, in Hartalika Vrat, one of the biggest festivals for married couples, there is a special significance of worshiping Lord Shiva and Mother Parvati in Hasta Nakshatra on Shukla Tritiya of Bhadrapada. According to the Puranas, this fast was first kept by Mother Parvati for Lord Shiva Shankar. It is mentioned in the Puranas that Goddess Parvati did severe penance to get Shiva as her husband and asked him for a boon. It is also believed that this day is called Hartalika because Parvati’s friend kidnapped her and took her to the thick forest. Harat means to abduct and Aalika means friend. That is why it is also known as Hartalika. Gauri-Shankar is specially worshiped on this day. Women who observe fast on this day get up before sunrise and do complete makeup after taking a bath. The idol of Gauri-Shankar is established by making a pavilion out of banana leaves for worship. With this, Parvati ji is offered all the goods of the honeymoon. It is believed that the woman who observes this fast with full rituals, successfully goes to Shivaloka with her husband with unbroken good fortune, by the glory of this fast.
Hartalika Puja is performed during Pradosh period. Pradosh Kaal means the meeting time of day and night. After taking a bath in the evening, wearing pure and bright clothes, Parvati and Shiva should be worshiped according to law by making golden (if this is not possible then clay) idols. The idols of Shiva-Parvati and Ganeshji should be made with their own hands from sand, sand or black soil. After this, after decorating all the ingredients of the honey in the honeycomb’s box, these things should be offered to Parvati. In this way, after worshiping Parvati and Shiva, one should listen to the Hartalika fasting story. Then first the aarti of Ganesha, the destroyer of obstacles, then to Shiva and then to Goddess Parvati should be done. After that, after doing a roundabout of the Lord, after awakening the night, after morning worship, Goddess Parvati should be offered vermilion. After enjoying cucumber-pudding, the fast should be broken by eating cucumber, in the end all the ingredients should be collected and immersed in a holy river or a pool.