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Green Fuel: Petrol will be needed in India after 5 years, now your cars and scooters will run on this fuel

Photo:FILE Nitin Gadkari

Green Fuel: Are you going to get relief from expensive petrol diesel? No, we are not talking about the cliché of electric vehicles. Rather, we are talking about green fuels, which include alternatives like ethanol and hydrogen. Road Transport and Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari has expressed confidence of using green fuel in all vehicles in the country after five years.

Gadkari has expressed hope that in the coming years, the utility of petrol in vehicles will be completely eliminated. Gadkari said this in a statement in Akola, Maharashtra. During the speech here, he stressed on the use of green hydrogen, ethanol and other green fuels. “I am sure that after five years, the country will run out of petrol. Your cars and scooters will be completely based on green hydrogen, ethanol, CNG or LNG,” he said.

Flex-fuel has been suggested

Earlier, Gadkari has insisted on introducing flex fuel ie alternative fuel-powered vehicles. In the past, Gadkari had asked car makers to give priority to indigenous production of flex engines. According to Gadkari, ethanol is now easily available in the country. 70 percent of the petrol consumption in the country is done by two wheelers. Hence, there is a need to develop in-house technology for flex fuel vehicles.

How does Flex Engine work?

A type of fuel mixture sensor ie fuel blender sensor is used in this engine. It adapts itself according to the amount of fuel in the mixture. This sensor reads the ethanol/methanol/gasoline ratio, or the alcohol concentration of the fuel. It then sends a signal to the electronic control module and this control module then controls the delivery of individual fuels. Cars with flex engines are quite different from vehicles with bi-fuel engines. Bi-fuel engines have separate tanks, whereas in flex fuel engines, you can put multiple types of fuel in a single tank. These engines are specially designed.

Such vehicles run abroad

A car with a flex engine may use gasoline with ethanol and gasoline with methanol. In this, the engine designs it according to its own. At present, ethanol is mostly used in it. Such cars run quite a lot in Brazil, America, Canada and Europe.

Gadkari has boarded a hydrogen car

Union Road, Transport and Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari reached Parliament in Toyota’s hydrogen car Mirai during the last Parliament session. Discussions are in full swing about this that soon after electric in India, hydrogen cars will be seen hitting the roads. If questions are arising in your mind about the hydrogen car, how will it be different from other cars? Why is it being called the car of the future? So let us give you all the information about this car.

How is it different from an electric car?

The first question arising in your mind is that right now the emphasis is on bringing electric cars. Then how will this hydrogen car be different from that? Explain that there is a big difference between an electric car and a hydrogen car. Electric cars have a large size lithium-ion battery. Taking energy from it, the motor in the car gives power to the wheels. But this is not the case with hydrogen vehicles. It has a battery but is very small. It has a hydrogen fuel tank in which hydrogen fuel cells break down and generate energy. The battery in it stores that energy for some time and transmits it to the electric motor. That is, hydrogen acts as a fuel in it. It does not have to be charged, instead it is filled with hydrogen fuel from a special hydrogen filling station. It has one great feature.

What would be the source of hydrogen fuel?

Hydrogen fuel has no reserves like petrol. It is made by splitting it through natural gas or biomass or water. Geothermal energy or geothermal energy is being used for hydrogen production in Iceland.

Advantages of Hydrogen Fuel?

Hydrogen fuel is more efficient because it converts chemical energy directly into electrical energy. Hydrogen fuel cell cars also have much lower and cleaner levels of emissions than conventional fueled cars. In a typical electric car, it takes several hours to charge the battery. But hydrogen is filled in only 5 to 7 minutes. It also gives a very good range. A full tank of hydrogen fuel can travel up to 650 km. It can be called a completely zero emission car as it only emits water in the emission.

Challenges for hydrogen cars?

Hydrogen fuel is pollution free. Also, it can cover a distance of 600 km once the tank is full, but with this the challenges are not less. Hydrogen gas is highly flammable. In such a situation, when it is completely filled in the fuel tank, there is a risk of accident while driving. When the tank explodes, it can cause heavy damage by taking an area of ​​10 meters around it. Hence this fuel tank is made quite strong. This also increases the cost of these vehicles. Hydrogen fuel is also costlier than petrol and diesel.

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Shivam Bangwal

Shivam Bangwal is an Indian based entrepreneur who is a tech, travel and coding enthusiast with a post graduation degree on Master's of Computer Applications. He is a founder of Youthistaan, People News Chronicle, Hitchhike TV, Branding Panther and many more.
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