Five types of bacteria caused 6.8 lakh deaths in India, reveals study

New Delhi. In India in 2019, five types of bacteria – E.coli, S.pneumonia, K.pneumonia, S. aureus and A. About 6.8 lakh people died due to Baumani. This was revealed in a study published by the journal ‘The Lancet’. The analysis found that common bacterial infections were the second leading cause of death in 2019, and one in eight deaths globally was related to it. There were 7.7 million deaths related to 33 common bacterial infections in 2019, with five bacteria alone accounting for more than half the deaths, the researchers said.

The most lethal bacterial pathogens and types of infection vary by location and age, he said. According to the researchers, five bacteria – E.coli, S.pneumonia, K.pneumonia, S. aureus and A. baumani – found to be the deadliest causing 6,78,846 (about 6.8 lakh) deaths in 2019 alone. As per the study, E. coli was the deadliest pathogen that claimed 1,57,082 (1.57 lakh) lives in India in 2019.

Globally, bacterial infections were second only to ischemic heart disease as the leading cause of death in 2019, the study found. Building stronger health systems with greater diagnostic laboratory capacity, implementing control measures, and optimizing antibiotic use are critical to reducing the burden of disease caused by common bacterial infections, the researchers said. “These new data reveal for the first time the full extent of the global public health challenge posed by bacterial infections,” said study co-author Christopher Murray, director of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington School of Medicine in the US. We do.”

“It is extremely important to keep these results on the radar of global health initiatives so that these deadly pathogens can be analyzed in depth and appropriate steps can be taken to reduce the number of deaths and infections,” Murray said in a statement. Many estimates exist for pathogens such as tuberculosis, malaria and HIV, but until now, estimates of the disease burden of bacterial pathogens were limited to a few specific pathogens and infection types, or focused only on specific populations, the researchers said. He added that in 2019 more deaths than HIV/AIDS (864,000 deaths) were caused by the two deadliest pathogens – S. aureus and E. coli.

The new study provides the first global estimates of mortality associated with 33 common bacterial pathogens and 11 major infection types — known as infectious syndromes — that lead to death from sepsis. The assessments were prepared for all ages and genders in 204 countries and territories. Using data and methods from the Global Burden of Disease 2019 and Global Research on Antimicrobial Resistance (GRAM) studies, researchers analyzed 343 million individual records and ‘pathogen isolates’ to estimate deaths associated with each pathogen and the type of infection responsible. used.

Of the estimated 13.7 million infection-related deaths in 2019, 7.7 million were linked to the 33 bacterial pathogens studied. The researchers found that three syndromes — lower respiratory infections (LRI), bloodstream infections (BSI) and peritoneal and intra-abdominal infections (IAA) — accounted for 75 percent of the 7.7 million bacterial-related deaths. He said that five of the bacteria studied were pathogenic – E.coli, S.pneumonia, K.pneumoniae, S.pneumoniae. aureus and A. Baumani – was responsible for 54.2 percent of the deaths.

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