Comedian Raju Srivastava is on ventilator due to brain swelling. Inflammation in the brain simply means brain stroke. The main reason for the condition becoming so serious is the lack of information about stroke. Most of the people get confused in heart attack and stroke. Can’t understand whether to go to cardiologist or neurologist., The part of the brain whose blood supply stops, the organs controlling it stop working. If the supply of the right side is turned off, then the left and the left side is turned off, then the right part does not work. In such a situation, if the blood supply is not restored soon, then paralysis due to brain damage., coma or death, Anything can happen.
Brain stroke, heart trembles on hearing the name, and why not tremble, it is one of the five deadly diseases in the world. Recently news came that the country’s famous comedian Raju Srivastava is on ventilator due to swelling in the brain. Inflammation in the brain simply means brain stroke. The main reason for the condition becoming so serious is the lack of information about stroke. Most of the people get confused in heart attack and stroke, they do not understand whether to go to cardiologist or neurologist. When I spoke to Dr. Gaurav Goel, the country’s well-known neurointerventional surgery specialist and director of the Department of Neuroscience, Medanta-Gurugram, to clear this confusion and get accurate information about stroke, he said, often sitting in one posture or sleeping on my arm. Due to which the body becomes numb or tingling occurs, which is very common, but if it is accompanied by foot dragging, wrist and foot drop, difficulty in speaking, blurry or double vision, nose bleeding, face hanging to one side, If symptoms like inability to rinse, seizures are coming, then these are signs of a serious neuro problem or brain stroke.
It is also being heard that people who have been in the grip of Kovid for a long time are getting more problems of heart and brain stroke, especially while doing gym or heavy work. In such a situation, more caution is needed, if any signs are seen, immediately consult a doctor.
Why does brain stroke happen?
According to Dr. Goyal, due to blockage in the veins, due to interruption of blood supply to the brain, the stroke is due to lack of oxygen. Due to lack of oxygen, brain cells start dying. The part of the brain whose blood supply stops, the organs controlling it stop working. If the supply of the right side is turned off, then the left and the left side is turned off, then the right part does not work. In such a situation, if the blood supply is not restored soon, then brain damage can lead to paralysis, coma or death, anything. One more thing, men have a higher risk of stroke than women, which increases with age.
How many types of brain stroke?
There are three categories of brain stroke – ischemic, hemorrhage and transient ischemic (mini).
The cause of ischemic stroke is blockage or effusion in the blood supply. This happens due to high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, narrowing of the veins, blood clotting, heart defects, smoking, drinking or taking drugs.
If we talk about brain hemorrhage, then it happens due to bleeding due to rupture of vein in the brain. Due to the lack of oxygen from the pressure of the bleeding clot, there is swelling in the brain, which results in paisalsis, coma or death. The main causes of brain hemorrhage are head injury, high blood pressure and tumours.
Blood clotting in a ministroke stops the blood supply to the brain for a few minutes, but the temporary damage caused by it heals within a few hours. In some cases, the cause of stroke or hemorrhage is also a brain tumor.
What to do in case of stroke?
If symptoms of stroke are seen, then take the patient to the hospital within four hours. How well the patient will be completely depends on how soon he reaches the hospital.
How to confirm stroke?
To know whether it is a case of stroke or not, the doctor first performs Grip, Quadration, Sensation and Speech test. If a stroke is suspected, a brain CT scan is done for confirmation. Bleeding on a CT scan means a brain hemorrhage and a clot means a stroke. To determine the line of treatment, the doctor takes detailed information about clotting or bleeding by doing an MRI.
What is the treatment of stroke?
Clot dissolving drugs are given in the treatment of stroke. In some cases, stenting is also done along with medicines, this is called carotid stenting. Hemorrhages and tumors require surgery. With medical advances, brain surgeries today are non-interventional, that is, without incisions. Interventional surgery is done only in cases where there is no other option.
How to make quick recovery?
Most stroke patients have to stay in the hospital for five to seven days under the supervision of doctors, but it depends on the patient’s condition, method of surgery and recovery, how long his stay in the hospital will be.
After the treatment, physiotherapy is done to cure the paralyzed organs, how long will its duration be, it is on the condition of the paralyzed limb. Remember, in the treatment of stroke, physiotherapy is as important as medicines. Do not stop physiotherapy until the affected organ has healed. It’s actually a process of training new brain cells that works slowly, so be patient. Most medications taken after discharge from the hospital prevent a stroke, but you will be able to get back to work with physiotherapy.
How to avoid stroke?
If you want to avoid stroke, then keep in mind some things like reduce the amount of salt and sugar in the food so that blood pressure, weight and sugar remain under control.
Cut down on fatty, cholesterol and triglyceride-raising foods, especially red meat and processed foods. Regular smoking and alcohol increase the risk of stroke manifold, so quit them immediately. If there is any heart disease, such as irregular heartbeat or valve defect, get timely treatment. Regular exercise, meditation and pranayama will reduce stress and reduce the risk of stroke. Be more careful if you have a family history of stroke.
If symptoms like numbness, prickling or blurry vision are visible for two to four days, then do not ignore it, see a neurologist immediately. Take medicines on time for quick recovery, do not stop them on your own in any case. Keep visiting the doctor for regular follow up. Once again I would advise that in case of stroke, try to take the patient to the hospital within four hours. The chances of recovery from this increase manifold.