Babu Genu, the first sacrificer of the Swadeshi movement

Twenty-two-year-old Babu Genu sacrificed himself on 12 December 1930 while stopping a truck full of foreign goods in the movement for the boycott of foreign goods. He was the first sacrificer of the Swadeshi call. That’s why on December 12, 1930, because of the self-sacrifice by Babu Genu for Swadeshi, 12 December is celebrated as Swadeshi Day from that day.… The police sergeant took over the truck by removing the cunning. Seeing this Babu Genu lay down in front of the truck. The sergeant started the truck and trampled Babu Genu…

After thousands of years of independence, Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati, while giving the mantra of Swadeshi, Swarajya and freedom to the country, said that no matter how much one does, the indigenous state is the best. The behavior or governance of the indigenous people in the home country is good and if the foreigner behaves or rules in the home country, then nothing can happen without poverty and sorrow. After this, after being influenced by these ideas related to Swadeshi of Maharishi Dayanand, two of his disciples and followers, who are called the leaders of revolutionary and non-violent movements of the Indian freedom struggle, respectively, Pt. Shyamji Krishna Varma and Mahadev Govind Ranade expressed the ideas of patriotism and Swarajya. Moving ahead, awakened the spirit of Swadeshi and independence movement in the country.

Among the disciples of Pt. Shyamji Krishna Varma, a unique patriot and revolutionary Veerasavarkar and Gopalkrishna Gokhale, disciple of Mahadev Govind Ranade, as well as Lala Lajpat Rai, Swami Shraddhanand, Bhai Parmanand, Pt. Ramprasad, Bismil and Shaheed Bhagat Singh etc. of Aryasamaji and Maharishi Dayanand. The followers also carried forward the ideas of Swadeshi and independence of Dayanand and lit the light of independence in the country. Decades after the establishment of the Congress, its leaders also understood their own good in adopting Swami Dayanand’s ideas of Swadeshi and independence, but of patriotism. In the movement of using indigenous goods and boycotting foreign goods, twenty-two-year-old Babu Genu sacrificed himself by stopping a lorry full of foreign goods, ie truck, on December 12, 1930. . Since that time, 12th December is remembered and celebrated as Swadeshi Day due to the sacrifice of himself by Babu Genu for Swadeshi on 12th December, 1930.

Babu Genu, the first sacrificer for Swadeshi, was born in 1908 AD in village Mahalunge Padwal in Pune district of Maharashtra, located at a distance from Shivneri Fort, the birth place of Hindu clan pride Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. His father’s name was Gyanba and mother’s name was Kondabai. Genu’s father and mother used to do farming together with blood and sweat. Due to low yield due to barren land of the village, there was always the problem of food in the family. Unfortunately, Babu Genu’s father passed away due to lack of treatment. From childhood, once he read Babu Genu of sharp intellect, he could understand everything. But the boy Genu was not interested in studies at all. Genu was a very lazy child in his childhood and liked to sleep for long hours and then play all day long. As a child, Genu was deprived of his father’s affection and started living with his brother Bhima. Bhima was very strict by nature. According to his orders, he started grazing the animals. In this way the time of Genu began to pass. But here also his misfortune did not go away and once one of his bulls fell from the hill while fighting with another bull and died. On this the elder brother scolded him a lot and scolded him a lot. After this incident all the cows and goats of the house were sold. Upset and angry, Genu came to Mumbai with his mother and started working in a textile mill.

His mother Kondabai also used to work in the same mill. Babu’s childhood friend Prahlad was fully aware of the then social national ideology and circumstances. He used to have affection for Babu and used to keep Genu informed about the political activities of the country. In those days the freedom struggle was going on in the country and the movement for the use of indigenous goods and boycott of foreign goods was in full swing. Along with Lala Lapat Rai, Gandhi was appealing to the general public to non-cooperation with the British and boycott foreign clothes. The Satyagraha of boycott of indigenous and foreign goods had become a symbol of the country’s pride. 22-year-old Babu Genu also actively participated in this movement. By gathering his comrades in the mill, he used to tell the importance of independence and swadeshi.

In 1926-27, Babu Genu became a minor member of the Congress, ie a volunteer of the Congress. More than 250 people were killed and almost the same number of people were injured in the caste riots in May-June of 1927 in Bombay, then Bombay. Curfew was imposed in many places. Babu and his friend Prahlad preached Swadeshi even in the curfew-hit areas. Babu formed his own independent corps and organized Tanaji Pathak and collected some money and got the spinning wheel made, where Babu and all his friends used to go daily to cut the spinning wheel. Taking active part in the anti-Simon Commission movement in 1928, along with his organization Tanaji Pathak, Babu organized a big procession on 3 February 1928. On that day there were strong demonstrations in the whole of Mumbai including Delhi, Calcutta, Patna, Chennai etc. Lala Lajpat Rai was injured and died in the police lathi charge during the demonstrations in Lahore. On 26 January 1930, seeing the activity of Babu Genu in the entire Swarajya Demand Day movement, he was sent to jail for three months, but this intensified the desire of independence in Babu’s mind. He got the news of his mother’s death while in jail. After the death of his mother, Babu came out of jail with Genu, Prahlad and Shankar in October 1830, pledging to make every effort to free Mother India from the shackles of subjugation, completely free from family worries and went from house to house. Started the promotion of Swadeshi. After Diwali, 1930, the movement of boycott of foreign goods spread all over the country.

On 12 December 1930, preparations were being made to send foreign goods from Manchester Mill in the Kalbadevi area of ​​Mumbai to the city. When Babu Genu came to know about this, his patriotic heart was disturbed. He decided to gather his comrades to oppose it at all costs and stop the trucks carrying foreign goods and at 11 o’clock in the day he came to the gate of the mill at Kalbadevi. Slowly this news spread all over the city and thousands of people gathered there. After getting the news, the police also came there. In no time a truck laden with foreign cloth i.e. Lullaby came out of the mill. He was surrounded by armed police. On the signal of Genu, Ghondu Revankar lay down in front of the truck. The driver of the truck was taken aback by this and he applied the brakes quickly. This stopped the truck. Seeing this, the people raised slogans of Vande Mataram and Bharat Mata Ki Jai. The police dragged Ghondu Revankar away, but as soon as he left, another worker lay down there. This sequence continued for a long time from Bhima Ghoi to Tukaram Mohite. Angered by this, the British police sergeant shouted at the agitators and asked them to load the truck, but the Indian driver of the truck, Balveer Singh, was not ready for this. On this the police sergeant removed the cunning and went to his place himself. Seeing this, Babu Genu himself lay down in front of the truck. There was blood in the eyes of the sergeant. He started the truck and started driving the truck. He got seriously injured as the truck passed over Genu while trampling Babu Genu. The whole street turned red with sacrificial blood. Babu, who was breathing his last, was admitted to a nearby hospital where he died in the evening. Thus Babu Genu immortalized himself by registering his first name in the list of those who sacrificed for the cause of Swadeshi. Since then 12th December is celebrated as Swadeshi Day in the memory of Babu Genu.

Back to top button